This paper investigates some prerequisites for vessel imaging based on diffuse reflectance measurements in order to develop an optical non-invasive method for the imaging and monitoring of vessels.
The method utilizes near-infrared (NIR) radiation (890 nm) from a light emitting diode. The light is guided into the tissue via an optical fibre (diameter 1.0 mm). The backscattered light is collected by an optical fibre of the same type and detected by an optical power meter. The fibres are moved over the skin in two directions with the aid of two motors operated by a microcomputer. Spatially resolved reflectance at the skin surface could be presented as a vessel-map in a colour-coded form on a computer screen.
Experimental results indicate that the vessel imaging facility depends upon source-detector separation, relative position and vessel depth, and does not depend essentially on the radiant power from the light source. It is shown that, by a proper choice of probe parameters, one can improve the vessel identification ability.
After vessel imaging the technique can potentially be used to monitor several physiological parameters on a selected vascular bed or to distinguish between injured and healthy tissue by monitoring local blood flow, oxygen saturation and the recirculation, pre- and post-operatively.
2000. Vol. 45, no 12, 3765-3778 p.