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Contextualizing Relativism
Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Arts and Humanities. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
Institutionen för Filosofi, Lingvistik och Vetenskapsteori.
2009 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Recently, a number of authors, in particular John MacFarlane, have suggested that evidence having to do with disagreement and retractions calls for abandonment of traditional contextualist analyses of some discourses, e.g., epistemic modals and taste judgments. Data, they argue, instead supports a new relativist notion of semantics, embracing that one and the same asserted proposition might vary in truth with context of assessment. We argue essentially two points with pertinence to adjudicate between this notion of relativism and contextualism. First, we point out that data only speaks in favour of relativism given certain general conceptions of semantics. Secondly, we argue that from within a certain well-known naturalistic semantic framework, the evidence suggests contextualist analysis of "true", "false" and cognates. We briefly sketch how such a non-standard contextualism would account for disagreement and retraction data in a way avoiding the objections from the relativist camp.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009.
Keyword [en]
Contextualism, relativism, epistemic modals, taste, John MacFarlane, Andy Egan
National Category
Philosophy Philosophy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-54960OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-54960DiVA: diva2:312496
Conference
VAF 2009: Recent Trends in Philosophy of Language and General Analytic Philosophy, Tilburg, Nederländerna
Available from: 2010-04-25 Created: 2010-04-25 Last updated: 2010-12-18

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http://www.tilburguniversity.edu/research/institutes-and-research-groups/tilps/VAF2009/

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Björnsson, Gunnar

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Total: 53 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • oxford
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf