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A technique based on laser Doppler flowmetry and photoplethysmography for simultaneously monitoring blood flow at different tissue depths
Mälardalen University.
Linköping University, Department of Biomedical Engineering, Physiological Measurements. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
Mälardalen University.
Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Health Sciences, Nursing Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9663-3720
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2010 (English)In: Medical and Biological Engineering and Computing, ISSN 0140-0118, Vol. 48, no 5, 415-422 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of this study was to validate a non-invasive optical probe for simultaneous blood flow measurement at different vascular depths combining three photoplethysmography (PPG) channels and laser Doppler flowmeter (LDF). Wavelengths of the PPG were near-infrared 810 nm with source-to-detector separation of 10 and 25 mm, and green 560 nm with source-to-detector separation of 4 mm. The probe is intended for clinical studies of pressure ulcer aetiology. The probe was placed over the trapezius muscle, and depths from the skin to the trapezius muscle were measured using ultrasound and varied between 3.8 and 23 mm in the 11 subjects included. A provocation procedure inducing a local enhancement of blood flow in the trapezius muscle was used. Blood flows at rest and post-exercise were compared. It can be concluded that this probe is useful as a tool for discriminating between blood flows at different vascular tissue depths. The vascular depths reached for the different channels in this study were at least 23 mm for the near-infrared PPG channel (source-to-detector separation 25 mm), 10-15 mm for the near-infrared PPG channel (separation 10 mm), and shallower than 4 mm for both the green PPG channel (separation 4 mm) and LDF.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer Science Business Media , 2010. Vol. 48, no 5, 415-422 p.
Keyword [en]
PPG, LDF, Perfusion, Vascular depth, Pressure ulcer
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-55514DOI: 10.1007/s11517-010-0577-2ISI: 000276771800002OAI: diva2:316243
Available from: 2010-04-30 Created: 2010-04-30 Last updated: 2013-09-10

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Lindberg, Lars-GöranBergstrand, SaraLindgren, MargaretaEk, Anna-Christina
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Physiological MeasurementsThe Institute of TechnologyNursing ScienceFaculty of Health SciencesDepartment of Acute Internal Medicine
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