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Maximum Likelihood Estimation of Models with Unstable Dynamics and Non-minimum Phase Noise Zeros
Linköping University, Department of Electrical Engineering, Automatic Control. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
Linköping University, Department of Electrical Engineering, Automatic Control. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
1998 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Maximum likelihood estimation of single-input/single-output linear timeinvariant (LTI) dynamic models requires that the model innovations (the nonmeasurable white noise source that is assumed to be the source of the randomness of the system) can be computed from the observed data. For many model structures, the prediction errors and the model innovations coincide and the prediction errors can be used in maximum likelihood estimation. However, when the model dynamics and the noise model have unstable poles which are not shared or when the noise dynamics have unstable zeros this is not the case. One such example is an unstable output error model. In this contribution we show that in this situation the model innovations can be computed by anti-causal filtering. Different implementations of the model innovations filter are also studied.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 1998. , 14 p.
Series
LiTH-ISY-R, ISSN 1400-3902 ; 2043
Keyword [en]
Prediction error methods, Output error methods
Keyword [sv]
Cybernetik Informationsteori
National Category
Control Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-55650ISRN: LiTH-ISY-R-2043OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-55650DiVA: diva2:316424
Available from: 2010-04-30 Created: 2010-04-30 Last updated: 2014-09-12Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Closed-loop Identification: Methods, Theory, and Applications
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Closed-loop Identification: Methods, Theory, and Applications
1999 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

System identification deals with constructing mathematical models of dynamical systems from measured data. Such models have important applications in many technical and nontechnical areas, such as diagnosis, simulation, prediction, and control. The theme in this thesis is to study how the use of closed-loop data for identication of open-loop processes affects dierent identification methods. The focus is on prediction error methods for closed-loop identification and a main resultis that we show that most common methods correspond to diefferent parameterizations of the general prediction error method. This provides a unifying framework for analyzing the statistical properties of the different methods. Here we concentrate on asymptotic variance expressions for the resulting estimates and on explicit characterizations of the bias distribution for the different methods. Furthermore, we present and analyze a new method for closed-loop identification, called the projection method, which allows approximation of the open-loop dynamics in a fixed, user-specified frequency domain norm, even in the case of an unknown, nonlinear regulator.

In prediction error identification it is common to use some gradient-type search algorithm for the parameter estimation. A requirement is then that the predictor filters along with their derivatives are stable for all admissible values of the parameters. The standard output error and Box-Jenkins model structures cannot beused if the underlying system is unstable, since the predictor filters will generically be unstable under these circumstances. In the thesis, modified versions of these model structures are derived that are applicable also to unstable systems. Another way to handle the problems associated with output error identification of unstable systems is to implement the search algorithm using noncausal filtering. Several such approaches are also studied and compared.

Another topic covered in the thesis is the use of periodic excitation signals for time domain identification of errors-in-variables systems. A number of compensation strategies for the least-squares and total least-squares methods are suggested. The main idea is to use a nonparametric noise model, estimated directly from data, to whiten the noise and to remove the bias in the estimates.

"Identication for Control" deals specically with the problem of constructing models from data that are good for control. A main idea has been to try to match the identication and control criteria to obtain a control-relevant model fit. The use of closed-loop experiments has been an important tool for achieving this. We study a number of iterative methods for dealing with this problem and show how they can be implemented using the indirect method. Several problems with the iterative schemes are observed and it is argued that performing iterated identification experiments with the current controller in the loop is suboptimal. Related to this is the problem of designing the identification experiment so that the quality of the resulting model is maximized. Here we concentrate on minimizing the variance error and a main result is that we give explicit expressions for the optimal regulator and reference signal spectrum to use in the identification experiment in case both the input and the output variances are constrained

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 1999. 247 p.
Series
Linköping Studies in Science and Technology. Dissertations, ISSN 0345-7524 ; 566
National Category
Control Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-98129 (URN)91-7219-432-4 (ISBN)
Public defence
1999-03-31, C3, Hus C, Campus Valla, Linköpings universitet, Linköping, 10:15 (English)
Supervisors
Available from: 2013-10-09 Created: 2013-09-30 Last updated: 2013-10-09Bibliographically approved

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Maximum Likelihood Estimation of Models with Unstable Dynamics and Non-minimum Phase Noise Zeros(225 kB)74 downloads
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