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Closed-Loop Identification Revisited - Updated Version
Linköping University, Department of Electrical Engineering, Automatic Control. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
Linköping University, Department of Electrical Engineering, Automatic Control. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
1998 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Identification of systems operating in closed loop has long been of prime interest in industrial applications. The problem offers many possibilities, and also some fallacies, and a wide variety of approaches have been suggested, many quite recently. The purpose of the current contribution is to place most of these approaches in a coherent framework, thereby showing their connections and display similarities and differences in the asymptotic properties of the resulting estimates. The common framework is created by the basic prediction error method, and it is shown that most of the common methods correspond to different parameterizations of the dynamics and noise models. The so-called indirect methods, e.g., are indeed “direct” methods employing noise models that contain the regulator. The asymptotic properties of the estimates then follow from the general theory and take different forms as they are translated to the particular parameterizations. We also study a new projection approach to closed-loop identification with the advantage of allowing approximation of the open-loop dynamics in a given, and user-chosen frequency domain norm, even in the case of an unknown, nonlinear regulator.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 1998. , 55 p.
Series
LiTH-ISY-R, ISSN 1400-3902 ; 2021
Keyword [en]
System identification, Closed-loop identification, Prediction error methods, Modelling, Statistical analysis
National Category
Control Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-55637ISRN: LiTH-ISY-R-2021OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-55637DiVA: diva2:316438
Available from: 2010-04-30 Created: 2010-04-30 Last updated: 2014-09-08
In thesis
1. Closed-loop Identification: Methods, Theory, and Applications
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Closed-loop Identification: Methods, Theory, and Applications
1999 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

System identification deals with constructing mathematical models of dynamical systems from measured data. Such models have important applications in many technical and nontechnical areas, such as diagnosis, simulation, prediction, and control. The theme in this thesis is to study how the use of closed-loop data for identication of open-loop processes affects dierent identification methods. The focus is on prediction error methods for closed-loop identification and a main resultis that we show that most common methods correspond to diefferent parameterizations of the general prediction error method. This provides a unifying framework for analyzing the statistical properties of the different methods. Here we concentrate on asymptotic variance expressions for the resulting estimates and on explicit characterizations of the bias distribution for the different methods. Furthermore, we present and analyze a new method for closed-loop identification, called the projection method, which allows approximation of the open-loop dynamics in a fixed, user-specified frequency domain norm, even in the case of an unknown, nonlinear regulator.

In prediction error identification it is common to use some gradient-type search algorithm for the parameter estimation. A requirement is then that the predictor filters along with their derivatives are stable for all admissible values of the parameters. The standard output error and Box-Jenkins model structures cannot beused if the underlying system is unstable, since the predictor filters will generically be unstable under these circumstances. In the thesis, modified versions of these model structures are derived that are applicable also to unstable systems. Another way to handle the problems associated with output error identification of unstable systems is to implement the search algorithm using noncausal filtering. Several such approaches are also studied and compared.

Another topic covered in the thesis is the use of periodic excitation signals for time domain identification of errors-in-variables systems. A number of compensation strategies for the least-squares and total least-squares methods are suggested. The main idea is to use a nonparametric noise model, estimated directly from data, to whiten the noise and to remove the bias in the estimates.

"Identication for Control" deals specically with the problem of constructing models from data that are good for control. A main idea has been to try to match the identication and control criteria to obtain a control-relevant model fit. The use of closed-loop experiments has been an important tool for achieving this. We study a number of iterative methods for dealing with this problem and show how they can be implemented using the indirect method. Several problems with the iterative schemes are observed and it is argued that performing iterated identification experiments with the current controller in the loop is suboptimal. Related to this is the problem of designing the identification experiment so that the quality of the resulting model is maximized. Here we concentrate on minimizing the variance error and a main result is that we give explicit expressions for the optimal regulator and reference signal spectrum to use in the identification experiment in case both the input and the output variances are constrained

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 1999. 247 p.
Series
Linköping Studies in Science and Technology. Dissertations, ISSN 0345-7524 ; 566
National Category
Control Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-98129 (URN)91-7219-432-4 (ISBN)
Public defence
1999-03-31, C3, Hus C, Campus Valla, Linköpings universitet, Linköping, 10:15 (English)
Supervisors
Available from: 2013-10-09 Created: 2013-09-30 Last updated: 2013-10-09Bibliographically approved

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Ljung, Lennart

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