Decreased proportions of linoleic acid (LA) in cord blood samples collected between 1985 and 2005
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Cord serum (CS) phospholipid fatty acid composition is influenced by the maternal diet during foetal life and maternal intake of LA and LNA has been shown to influence the LA and LNA levels in CS. A possible connection between the increased incidence of atopic diseases and the simultaneous increased intake of linoleic acid (LA, C18:2ω-6) and decreased intake of α-linolenic acid (LNA, C18:3 ω-3) in the western world has been proposed.
The aim of this study was to explore phospholipid fatty acid proportions and total IgE levels in CS collected from 1985 to 2005 from Swedish children, in a period with increasing frequency of allergic diseases in Sweden, and reveal possible changes over time. Omega (ω)-6 and ω-3 fatty acids and total IgE antibodies were analysed with gas chromatography and UniCAP® technology respectively in a total of 300 CS samples (60 samples every fifth year).
The proportions of linoleic acid (LA, C18:2 ω-6) and α-linolenic acid (LNA, C18:3 ω-3) decreased significantly from 1985 to 2005. However, the LA/LNA ratio did increase revealing a relatively larger decrease in LNA than in LA. The proportions of both arachidonic acid (AA; C20:4 ω-6) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, C22:6 ω-3) as well as other ω-6 and ω-3 fatty acids increased significantly during the same time period. No correlations were found between ω-6 and ω-3 fatty acids and total IgE levels in CS from newborn infants.
Arachidonic acid, cord blood, linoleic acid, omega-6 fatty acids, omega-3 fatty acids, total IgE
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-56263OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-56263DiVA: diva2:317843