Effects of volume mismatch and electronic structure on the decomposition of ScAlN and TiAlN solid solutions
2010 (English)In: Physical Review B. Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, ISSN 1098-0121, E-ISSN 1550-235X, Vol. 81, no 22, 224101- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Thin solid films of metastable rocksalt structure (c-) Sc1-xAlxN and Ti1-xAlxN were employed as model systems to investigate the relative influence of volume mismatch and electronic structure driving forces for phase separation. Reactive dual magnetron sputtering was used to deposit stoichiometric Sc0.57Al0.43N(111) and Ti0.51Al0.49N(111) thin films, at 675 °C and 600 °C, respectively, followed by stepwise annealing to a maximum temperature of 1100 °C. Phase transformations during growth and annealing were followed in situ using X-ray scattering. The results show that the as-deposited Sc0.57Al0.43N films phase separate at 1000 °C – 1100 °C into non-isostructural c-ScN and wurtzite-structure (w-) AlN, via nucleation and growth at domain boundaries. Ti0.51Al0.49N, however, exhibits spinodal decomposition into isostructural coherent c-TiN and c-AlN, in the temperature interval of 800 °C – 1000 °C. X-ray pole figures show the coherency between c-ScN and w-AlN, with AlN(0001) || ScN(001) and AlN<01ɸ10> || ScN<1ɸ10>. First principles calculations of mixing energy-lattice spacing curves explain the results on a fundamental physics level and open a route for design of novel metastable pseudobinary phases for hard coatings and electronic materials.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 81, no 22, 224101- p.
TiAlN, ScAlN, spinodal decomposition, nitrides, TiN, ScN, AlN, XRD, TEM, first-principles, phase separation, meta stable
National CategoryNatural Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-56270DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.81.224101ISI: 000278300900004OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-56270DiVA: diva2:318035
Carina Höglund, Björn Alling, Jens Birch, Manfred Beckers, Per O. Å. Persson, Carsten Baehtz, Zsolt Czigány, Jens Jensen and Lars Hultman, Effects of volume mismatch and electronic structure on the decomposition of ScAlN and TiAlN solid solutions, 2010, Physical Review B. Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, (81), 22, 224101.
Copyright: American Physical Society