Ti2Al(O,N) formation by solid state reaction between substoichiometric TiN thin films and Al2O3(0001) substrates
2011 (English)In: Thin Solid Films, ISSN 0040-6090, E-ISSN 1879-2731, Vol. 519, no 8, 2421-2425 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Titanium nitride TiNx (0.1 ≤ x ≤ 1) thin films were deposited onto Al2O3(0001) substrates using reactive magnetron sputtering at substrate temperatures (Ts) ranging from 800 ºC to 1000 ºC and N2 partial pressures (pN2) between 0.1 and 1.0 mTorr. It is found that Al and O from the substrates diffuse into the substoichiometric TiNx films during deposition. Solid state reactions between the film and substrate result in the formation of Ti2O and Ti3Al domains at low N2 partial pressures, while for increasing pN2, the Ti2AlN MAX phase nucleates and grows together with TiNx. Depositions at increasingly stoichiometric conditions result in a decreasing incorporation of the substrate species into the growing film. Eventually, a stoichiometric deposition gives a stable TiN(111) || Al2O3(0001) structure without the incorporation of substrate species. Growth at Ts 1000 ºC yields Ti2AlN(0001), leading to a reduced incorporation of substrate species compared to films grown at 900 ºC, but contains also Ti2AlN(101ɸ3) grains. Finally, the Ti2AlN domains incorporate O, likely on the N site, such that a MAX phase oxynitride Ti2Al(O,N) is formed. The results were obtained by a combination of structural methods, including X-ray diffraction (XRD) and (scanning) transmission electron microscopy ((S)TEM), together with spectroscopy methods, which comprise elastic recoil detection analysis (ERDA), energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX), and electron energy loss spectroscopy (EELS).
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier , 2011. Vol. 519, no 8, 2421-2425 p.
National CategoryNatural Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-56273DOI: 10.1016/j.tsf.2010.12.002ISI: 000287631500007OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-56273DiVA: diva2:318045
P. O. Å. Persson, Carina Höglund, Jens Birch and Lars Hultman, Ti2Al(O,N) formation by solid state reaction between substoichiometric TiN thin films and Al2O3(0001) substrates, 2011, Thin Solid Films, (519), 2421-2425.
Copyright: Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam.