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Strategi, styrning och konkurrenskraft: En longitudinell studie av Saab AB
Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
2010 (Swedish)Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)Alternative title
Strategy, Control and Competitive advantage : A longitudinal study of Saab AB (English)
Abstract [sv]

Att skapa sammanhängande koncern-, affärs- och funktionsstrategier (strategisk kongruens), samt ett styrsystem med ett samstämmigt informationsflöde i och mellan de centrala styrverktygen (integrerad styrning), har sedan länge hävdats vara centralt för koncerners konkurrenskraft. I den mängd empiriska studier som legat till grund för detta har främst en eller två organisatoriska nivåer fokuserats när relationerna mellan strategier, styrning och konkurrenskraft diskuterats. Studier som tar ett helhetsgrepp om dessa samband efterfrågas därför för att öka kunskapen om och förståelsen av sambanden. Föreliggande avhandling svarar mot den efterfrågan.

En longitudinell fallstudie för perioden 1995–2007 har genomförts. Strategier, ekonomistyrning och produktionsstyrning på koncern-, affärs- och funktionsnivå har studerats inom försvars- och säkerhetskoncernen Saab AB. Tre affärsenheter har studerats i detalj: Saab Aerosystems, Saab Bofors Dynamics och Saab Systems. Det empiriska materialet har samlats in genom 74 intervjuer med totalt 54 respondenter samt via både internt och publikt skriftligt material.

Avhandlingen visar att strategisk kongruens och integrerad styrning skapas genom ömsesidig anpassning av strategier och styrning på koncern-, affärs- och funktionsnivå. Genom en sådan ömsesidighet anpassas styrningen till koncernens kritiska framgångsfaktorer och ett integrerat informationsflöde skapas. Inom Saab har detta i sin tur påverkat beteendet på alla nivåer och bidragit till att det förändrats i enlighet med strategierna. De senare har därmed implementerats. Samtidigt som dessa beteendeförändringar skett har Saabs konkurrenskraft varit god. Då implementerade strategier, anpassade utifrån omgivningen, kan antas vara en viktig del i ett företags framgång har Saabs strategiska kongruens och integrerade styrning rimligen haft en väsentlig betydelse för koncernens konkurrenskraft.

Abstract [en]

For companies, consistency between strategies on corporate, business and functional levels (strategic congruence), in combination with alignment among control systems (integrated control) is considered vital for gaining competitive advantage. Numerous empirical studies have examined these relationships. However, most of them only take one or two organizational levels into consideration. Therefore, there is a need for studies with a holistic approach to further increase the knowledge and understanding about the relationships between strategy, control and competitive advantage. This dissertation sets out to fill that gap.

A longitudinal case study was carried out covering the period 1995–2007. Strategies, the management control system and the production control system were studied for the corporate, business and functional levels within the Swedish defense and security company Saab AB. Three business units were studied in detail: Saab Aerosystems, Saab Bofors Dynamics and Saab Systems. In order to collect empirical data, 74 interviews with 54 respondents were conducted. In addition, annual reports and other written material about the company were used.

The main findings in this study suggest that strategic congruence and integrated control is created through mutual adjustment of strategy and control on the corporate, business and functional levels. Such adjustment aligns the control systems with the company’s critical success factors, thereby creating an integrated information flow that stimulates a behavior consonant with strategies on all organizational levels. Within Saab, this has led to extensive behavioral changes and implementation of new strategies. Simultaneously, the competitive advantage has been fairly high. Since implemented strategies, adjusted to the environment, can be seen as an important part of a company’s success, Saab’s strategic congruence and integrated control can be considered a significant factor for the company’s competitive advantage.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Linköpings universitet , 2010. , 349 p.
Series
Linköping Studies in Science and Technology. Dissertations, ISSN 0345-7524 ; 1318Dissertation from the Swedish Research School of Management and Information Technology (MIT). Dissertation, 30
Keyword [sv]
Koncernstrategi, Affärsstrategi, Produktionsstrategi, Ekonomistyrning, Produktionsstyrning, Konkurrenskraft, Longitudinell fallstudie, Saab AB
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-56511ISBN: 978-91-7393-382-7 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-56511DiVA: diva2:319944
Public defence
2010-06-18, ACAS, hus A, Campus Valla, Linköpings universitet, Linköping, 13:15 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2010-05-20 Created: 2010-05-20 Last updated: 2013-01-16Bibliographically approved

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Nilsson Jannesson, Erik B

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