Reliability of diagnostic tests for Helicobacter pylori infection
2011 (English)In: Gastroenterology Research and Practice, ISSN 1687-6121, Vol. 2011, no 940650Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Introduction: Helicobacter pylori (H.pylori) infection is very common worldwide. A reliable diagnosis is crucial for patients with H.pylori related diseases. At follow-up it is important to confirm that eradication therapy has been successful. There is no established gold standard for the diagnosis of H.pylori infection.
Material and Methods: A sample of 304 volunteers from the general population was screened for H.pylori infection with serology, 13C-urea breath test (UBT), rapid urease test (RUT) on fresh biopsy, culture from biopsy and histological examination. Each method was tested against the other methods (except serology) taken together as gold standard.
Result: The sensitivity was 0.99 for serology 0.92 for UBT, 0.96 for RUT, 0.99 for culture and 0.95 for histological examination. Corresponding specificities were 0.82, 0.94, 0.93, 0.90 and 0.92, respectively. The accuracy was 0.86 for serology, 0.94 for UBT, 0.94 for RUT, 0.93 for culture and 0.93 for histology. There was a strong correlation between the results of UBT and histological scores for H.pylori colonization as well as between the results of UBT and the scores of RUT.
Conclusion: There were only minor differences in accuracy between three invasive tests for H.pylori infection in this population. RUT may be recommended as first choice since a result is obtained within hours. The accuracy of UBT was comparable to the invasive tests and it is recommended for situations when endoscopy is not needed.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Hindawi , 2011. Vol. 2011, no 940650
Accuracy, diagnosis, diagnostic test, gold standard, H. pylori, sinsitivity, specificity
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-56574DOI: 10.1155/2011/940650ISI: 000295641000001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-56574DiVA: diva2:320407
Funding agencies|Swedish Cancer Society||Research Council in the South East of Sweden (FORSS)||2010-05-252010-05-252012-05-09