Internal current measurements in high power impulse magnetron sputtering
2011 (English)In: Plasma sources science & technology (Print), ISSN 0963-0252, E-ISSN 1361-6595, Vol. 20, no 4, 045003- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The transport of charged particles in a high power impulse magnetron sputtering (HiPIMS) discharge is of great interest when optimizing this promising deposition technique with respect to deposition rate and control of the ion acceleration. In this study the internal current densities Jϕ (azimuthal direction) and JD⊥ (axial direction) have therefore been spatially and temporally resolved in the bulk plasma region above a cylindrical magnetron using Rogowski coils. From the measurements a phenomenological model has been constructed describing the evolution of the current density in this pulsed plasma. The core of the model is based on six different types of current systems, which characterize the operating transport mechanisms, such as current transport along and across magnetic field lines, as well as the initiation, buildup and steady-state of a HiPIMS plasma. Furthermore, the data also shows that there are spatial and temporal variations of the key transport parameter Jϕ/JD⊥ , governing the cross-B resistivity and also the energy of the charged particles. The previously reported faster-than-Bohm cross-B electron transport is here verified, but is not found to be present during the whole discharge regime as well as for all locations. These results on the plasma dynamics are essential input when modeling the axial electric field, governing the back-attraction of ionized sputtered material, and might furthermore provide a link between the different resistivities reported in HiPIMS, pulsed-DC, and DC magnetron discharges.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Institute of Physics , 2011. Vol. 20, no 4, 045003- p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-56743DOI: 10.1088/0963-0252/20/4/045003ISI: 000295829800005OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-56743DiVA: diva2:321809
Funding agencies|Swedish Research Council||Swedish Foundation for Strategic Research||2010-06-022010-06-022013-10-30