Evaluation of emergent macrophytes as a source forbiogas production after mechanical, alkaline and fungalpretreatments.
Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
Two species of emergent macrophytes, Typha latifolia (common cattail) and Phalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass) were evaluated as substrates for biogas production. The specific methane yield for each plant was obtained by batch wise anaerobic digestion in 300-mL bottles. Three different pretreatments were evaluated for increased biogas production; mechanical milling, alkaline treatment with lime and fungal degradation with Pleurotus ostreatus (oyseter mushroom).The methane yield for Typha latifolia and Phalaris arundinacea was determined to 300 and 323mL methane per g VS, respectively. There was no statistical difference in methane yield between the two species. Milling pretreatment increased the biogas yield with 16 % by average compared to untreated plant. Alkaline pretreatment with lime increased the biogas yield with 27 % at roomtemp. and 22 % at 55 °C. The fungal pretreatment decreased the biogas production by 20 % and is probably not suitable for this kind of substrate.The results showed that emergent macrophytes have a biogas yield similar to other plants already tested (grasses) and commonly used (pasture crops) in large scale reactors. However, emergent macrophytes and grasses cause mechanical problems in a reactor due to their structure. Probably some kind of milling must be done to decrease the fiber length of the emergent macrophytes. The costs for harvest, transport, handling and possible pretreatment of the emergent macrophytes have to be estimated and included in the overall cost calculations. This can tell if emergent macrophytes should be used as a substrate for biogas production.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. , 25 p.
Alkaline, anaerobic digestion, biogas, fungi, plants, pretreatments, milling, wetland.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-56815ISRN: LITH-IFM-A-EX--—10/2353—SEOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-56815DiVA: diva2:322299
2010-05-31, Linköpings universitet, 10:46 (English)
Karlsson, Anna, Lector
Sundblad Tonderski, Karin, Assos. Proffessor