Construction and evaluation of plasma protein multilayers used for local drug delivery
Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
With the studies performed in this theses the local drug delivery technique FibMat developed by the biotech company AddBIO, was shown to be applicable to other plasma proteins and drugs than the fibrinogen-bisphosphonate combination that is today being commercialized. Hence the potential for a broader field of application was demonstrated. The application targeted today is as a surface modification giving improved strength to bone around screws used in bone implants. The effect of changing protein and manufacturing conditions was studied with null ellipsometry. It was demonstrated that with changes in incubation temperature, pH and salinity the fibrinogen could be successfully exchanged for the plasma proteins human serum albumin and immunoglobulin G. With liquid scintillation counting it was shown that the developed protein multilayers were able to absorb and release the bone strengthening drug alendronic acid in levels comparable to that of the fibrinogen based ditto. Disk susceptibility tests with the bacteria S. Aureus showed a potential for antibacterial functionalization with gentamicin. The release was, in the case of the fibrinogen multilayer, detectable up to 48 hours. Similar test revealed an inability of silver nanoparticle incorporated protein multilayers to achieve inhibitory levels.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. , 56 p.
fibrinogen, albumin, IgG, bisphosphonate, antibiotic, local drug delivery
Industrial Biotechnology Industrial Biotechnology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-56900ISRN: LITH-IFM-A-EX--10/2224--SEOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-56900DiVA: diva2:322885
Vikinge, Trine, Doctor
Tengvall, Pentti, Professor