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Finns inte på kartan: Att nå fram till ord som inte finns med på bliss standardkarta med hjälp av enbart bliss standardkarta
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Speech and Language Pathology .
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Speech and Language Pathology .
2010 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Out of Reach : To Reach Words that are not on the Bliss Standard Chart, by Using Only Bliss Standard Chart (English)
Abstract [sv]

Syftet med föreliggande studie var att undersöka vilka ordtyper som är lätta respektive svåraatt nå fram till med bliss standardkarta och vilka strategier som är mer respektive mindreeffektiva. Deltagarna, 24 kvinnliga studenter utan funktionshinder, delades upp i par. Den enai paret fick i uppgift att förklara 12 målord, som inte finns med på bliss standardkarta, enbartgenom att använda bliss standardkarta. Den andra i paret fick i uppgift att gissa vilkamålorden var. Eftersom tidigare studier indikerat att ordklass, frekvensnivå ochabstraktionsnivå kan påverka ords svårighetsgrad, valdes målorden i föreliggande studieutifrån dessa variabler. Resultatet visade att målordens ordklass inte påverkade derassvårighetsgrad. Målordens frekvensnivå påverkade svårighetsgraden i viss utsträckning.Abstraktionsnivå var den variabel som påverkade svårighetsgraden mest. Eftersom deabstrakta och ovanliga målorden var svårast, kan det vara klokt att inkludera de ordtyperna påblisskartan. Några strategier som gynnade kommunikationen var när blissaren använde syntaxoch syntaktiskt prompting samt när gissaren gav blissaren tid att avsluta sina fraser. Dessastrategier kan vara lämpliga att rekommendera till blissanvändare och deras samtalspartners.

Abstract [en]

The aim of this study was to investigate which types of words that are easy and difficult toreach with Bliss Swedish standard chart and also which strategies that is more and lessefficient. The participants, 24 female students with no functional limitations, were grouped inpairs. One in each pair was given the task to explain 12 target words that is not present onBliss standard chart, by using only Bliss standard chart. The other person in each pair wasgiven the task to guess which words that were asked for. Since former studies have indicatedthat word class, level of frequency and level of abstraction can affect words' degree ofdifficulty, the target words in this study were chosen based upon those factors. The resultsdemonstrated that the word class of the target words did not affect their degree of difficulty.The frequency of the target words affected their degree of difficulty in some ways. The levelof abstraction of the target words was the factor that affected the degree of difficulty the most.Since the abstract and infrequent target words were most difficult, it may be a good idea toinclude those types of words on the Bliss chart. Some of the strategies that were beneficial forcommunication were the blisser’s use of syntax and syntactic prompting. Another strategy thatwas beneficial for the communication was giving the blisser enough time to finish herphrases. It may be appropriate to recommend those strategies to Bliss users and theircommunication partners.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. , 60 p.
Keyword [en]
Bliss, Augumentive and Alternative Communication (AAC), word class, word frequency, level of abstraction, syntax, Conversation Analysis (CA)
Keyword [sv]
bliss, alternativ och kompletterande kommunikation (AKK), ordklass, frekvensnivå, abstraktionsnivå, syntax, Conversation Analysis (CA)
National Category
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-56998ISRN: LIU-IKE/SLP-A--10/010--SEOAI: diva2:323143
2010-05-24, Flemingsalen, Universitetsjukhuset, Linköping, 14:00 (Swedish)
Available from: 2010-06-10 Created: 2010-06-09 Last updated: 2010-12-10Bibliographically approved

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Finns inte på kartan(448 kB)348 downloads
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Wimnell, RebeccaÖlmestig, Carin
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Speech and Language Pathology

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