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Hemispherical anisotropic patterns of the Earths inner core
University Complutense Madrid.
Royal Institute of Technology.
University Complutense Madrid.
University Complutense Madrid.
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2010 (English)In: PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, ISSN 0027-8424, Vol. 107, no 21, 9507-9512 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

It has been shown that the Earths inner core has an axisymmetric anisotropic structure with seismic waves traveling similar to 3% faster along polar paths than along equatorial directions. Hemispherical anisotropic patterns of the solid Earths core are rather complex, and the commonly used hexagonal-close-packed iron phase might be insufficient to account for seismological observations. We show that the data we collected are in good agreement with the presence of two anisotropically specular east and west core hemispheres. The detected travel-time anomalies can only be disclosed by a lattice-preferred orientation of a body-centered-cubic iron aggregate, having a fraction of their [111] crystal axes parallel to the Earths rotation axis. This is compelling evidence for the presence of a body-centered-cubic Fe phase at the top of the Earths inner core.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
National Academy of Sciences; 1999 , 2010. Vol. 107, no 21, 9507-9512 p.
Keyword [en]
elastic anisotropy, Fe-bcc/-hcp, PKiKP/PKIKP waves, molecular dynamics
National Category
Engineering and Technology
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-57164DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1004856107ISI: 000278054700008OAI: diva2:323559
Available from: 2010-06-11 Created: 2010-06-11 Last updated: 2010-06-11

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Simak, Sergey
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Theoretical Physics The Institute of Technology
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