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Organizing for a peaceful crowd: An example of a football match
Center for Family Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Alfred Nobels Allé 12, S-141 83 Huddinge, Sweden.
Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
2010 (English)In: Forum qualitative Sozialforschung, ISSN 1438-5627, Vol. 11, no 2Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Crowd violence has interested researchers in social psychology for many years and is an important issue for sports psychology (STOTT, ADANG, LIVINGSTONE and SCHREIBER, 2007; STOTT, HUTCHINSON and DRURY, 2001; RUSSELL, 2004; MUSTONEN, ARMS and RUSSELL, 1996). Riots in crowds have been explained from different theoretical perspectives (HYLANDER, 2008), such as individual differences, de-individuation (PRENTICE-DUNN and ROGERS, 1989), group interaction (DRURY and REICHER, 2000), history (GUTTMAN, 1986, 1998) and cultural perspectives (CRABBE, 2003). In this study, a social psychology model focusing on group interaction, the Aggravation and Mitigation (AM) model (GUVÅ and HYLANDER, 2008; GRANSTRÖM, 2008; GRANSTRÖM and ROSANDER, 2008), is used as a means of analysis. This article applies the AM model to a sporting event to identify if and how peacemaking processes can be detected. Furthermore, the intention is to discern and illuminate organizational strategies that maybe linked to peacemaking processes. The main results indicate that when arrangements are based on (a) "festival-making," (b) arrangements for basic needs and recognizable order and (c) the creation of a superordinate identity, then the outcome of mass events may turn out peaceful, which is also in line with the AM model. © 2010 FQS.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
FQS / Dr. Katja Mruck , 2010. Vol. 11, no 2
Keyword [en]
Aggravation and mitigation (AM) model; Football; Grounded theory; Large groups; Mass event; Riots; Social psychology
National Category
Social Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-57017OAI: diva2:324049
Available from: 2010-06-14 Created: 2010-06-09 Last updated: 2010-06-22

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Granström, Kjell
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Department of Behavioural Sciences and LearningFaculty of Educational Sciences
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