Organizing for a peaceful crowd: An example of a football match
2010 (English)In: Forum qualitative Sozialforschung, ISSN 1438-5627, Vol. 11, no 2Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Crowd violence has interested researchers in social psychology for many years and is an important issue for sports psychology (STOTT, ADANG, LIVINGSTONE and SCHREIBER, 2007; STOTT, HUTCHINSON and DRURY, 2001; RUSSELL, 2004; MUSTONEN, ARMS and RUSSELL, 1996). Riots in crowds have been explained from different theoretical perspectives (HYLANDER, 2008), such as individual differences, de-individuation (PRENTICE-DUNN and ROGERS, 1989), group interaction (DRURY and REICHER, 2000), history (GUTTMAN, 1986, 1998) and cultural perspectives (CRABBE, 2003). In this study, a social psychology model focusing on group interaction, the Aggravation and Mitigation (AM) model (GUVÅ and HYLANDER, 2008; GRANSTRÖM, 2008; GRANSTRÖM and ROSANDER, 2008), is used as a means of analysis. This article applies the AM model to a sporting event to identify if and how peacemaking processes can be detected. Furthermore, the intention is to discern and illuminate organizational strategies that maybe linked to peacemaking processes. The main results indicate that when arrangements are based on (a) "festival-making," (b) arrangements for basic needs and recognizable order and (c) the creation of a superordinate identity, then the outcome of mass events may turn out peaceful, which is also in line with the AM model. © 2010 FQS.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
FQS / Dr. Katja Mruck , 2010. Vol. 11, no 2
Aggravation and mitigation (AM) model; Football; Grounded theory; Large groups; Mass event; Riots; Social psychology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-57017OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-57017DiVA: diva2:324049