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Social behaviour responses in red junglefowl (Gallus gallus) selected for tameness
Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology.
2010 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Historically during domestication of animals, tameness towards humans was likely the most desired trait and therefore bred on. The red junglefowl (Gallus gallus) is the wild progenitor of all domestic chicken breeds and earlier studies present clear morphological, physiological and behavioural differences between domesticated breeds and the non-domesticated red junglefowl. These changes may be the result of altered gene expression - pleiotropy or linked genes. The aim of this thesis was to evaluate (1) effects of tameness selection on social behaviour towards conspecifics and (2) social behaviour differences between the sexes. Two generations of red junglefowl, P0 and its offspring F1, were studied. Both generations were divided into three selection lines (tame, intermediate or fearful), depending on their results in a fear of humans test.  A novel type of social reinstatement test was set up, containing a non-social area without stimulus, and a social area containing a mirror serving as stimulus animals. The social and aggressive behaviours performed towards the mirror were recorded, so was the time spent in the social versus non-social part. An undisturbed behaviour test was performed, as well as a standardized social reinstatement test. The P0-females performed significantly more social behaviour (p=0.008) at 26 weeks than males in the mirror test, and females also displayed significantly more social (p=0.04) and agonistic behaviour (p<0.001) than males in the undisturbed behaviour test. The social reinstatement test displayed a significant effect between the selection lines with regards to sociality. This suggests that there are immediate selection responses in early domestication.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. , 26 p.
Keyword [en]
domestication, red junglefowl, sociality, tameness selection
National Category
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-57377ISRN: LITH-IFM-A-EX--10/2303—SEOAI: diva2:325388
2010-05-31, Linköpings unviersitet, 11:22 (English)
Life Earth Science
Available from: 2010-06-18 Created: 2010-06-18 Last updated: 2011-05-18Bibliographically approved

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