A Protein Phosphorylation Threshold for Functional Stacking of Plant Photosynthetic Membranes
2010 (English)In: PLOS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 5, no 6Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Phosphorylation of photosystem II (PSII) proteins affects macroscopic structure of thylakoid photosynthetic membranes in chloroplasts of the model plant Arabidopsis. In this study, light-scattering spectroscopy revealed that stacking of thylakoids isolated from wild type Arabidopsis and the mutant lacking STN7 protein kinase was highly influenced by cation (Mg++) concentrations. The stacking of thylakoids from the stn8 and stn7stn8 mutants, deficient in STN8 kinase and consequently in light-dependent phosphorylation of PSII, was increased even in the absence of Mg++. Additional PSII protein phosphorylation in wild type plants exposed to high light enhanced Mg++-dependence of thylakoid stacking. Protein phosphorylation in the plant leaves was analyzed during day, night and prolonged darkness using three independent techniques: immunoblotting with anti-phosphothreonine antibodies; Diamond ProQ phosphoprotein staining; and quantitative mass spectrometry of peptides released from the thylakoid membranes by trypsin. All assays revealed dark/night-induced increase in phosphorylation of the 43 kDa chlorophyll-binding protein CP43, which compensated for decrease in phosphorylation of the other PSII proteins in wild type and stn7, but not in the stn8 and stn7stn8 mutants. Quantitative mass spectrometry determined that every PSII in wild type and stn7 contained on average 2.5 +/- 0.1 or 1.4 +/- 0.1 phosphoryl groups during day or night, correspondingly, while less than every second PSII had a phosphoryl group in stn8 and stn7stn8. It is postulated that functional cation-dependent stacking of plant thylakoid membranes requires at least one phosphoryl group per PSII, and increased phosphorylation of PSII in plants exposed to high light enhances stacking dynamics of the photosynthetic membranes.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Public Library of Science (PLoS) , 2010. Vol. 5, no 6
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-57385DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0010963ISI: 000278380500009OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-57385DiVA: diva2:325571
Rikard Fristedt, Pontus Granath and Alexander Vener, A Protein Phosphorylation Threshold for Functional Stacking of Plant Photosynthetic Membranes, 2010, PLOS ONE, (5), 6.
Copyright: Public Library of Science (PLoS)