The Race Equality Directive: ‘differentiated’ or ‘differential’ Europeanisation in the new EU member states?
2010 (English)In: European Societies: The Official Journal of the European Sociological Association, ISSN 1461-6696, E-ISSN 1469-8307, Vol. 12, no 4, 1-24 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
This article examines the Race Equality Directive (RED) and its transposition in the context of a new European Union (EU) member state, Baltic Lithuania. Taking this post-communist society as a case study, it is suggested that while formal legislative compliance with the RED has been broadly attained, transposed anti-discrimination legislation and national policy implementation initiatives may not adequately take into account societal attitudes and norms. The historical legacy of Soviet times, the contemporary post-communist experience, and the current economic crisis have resulted in a fragile national identity and a propensity towards populist and even xenophobic responses to uncertainty. These factors are explored in terms of their potential for undermining the objectives of EU-derived legislation designed to promote racial and ethnic tolerance. The article concludes that while a ‘differentiated’ Europeanisation has not occurred in formal terms, the possibility exists of ‘differential’ Europeanisation emerging in post-communist new EU member states such as Lithuania.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage , 2010. Vol. 12, no 4, 1-24 p.
Europeanisation, new EU member states, labour migration, Race Equality Directive, Lithuania
Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-57729DOI: 10.1080/14616696.2010.483005ISI: 000282027900006OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-57729DiVA: diva2:327607
Charles Woolfson, The Race Equality Directive: ‘differentiated’ or ‘differential’ Europeanisation in the new EU member states?, 2010, European Societies, (12), 4, 1-24.