Executive Functions in Children with Intellectual Disabilities
2010 (English)Conference paper (Refereed)
Executive functions have been assessed in children with intellectual disabilities (ID) in relatively few previous studies. Most have reported that children with ID perform on a par with mental age-matched controls, but there is at least one report of even greater impairment. However, no previous research has used a broad range of executive measures, systematically varying in terms of verbal and visuospatial demands. In the present study, tests of 5 different sub components of executive functions were included: updating, shifting, fluency, problem solving and inhibition. Each component was assessed with one verbal and one nonverbal test. Preliminary results from 17 children with ID, mental age- (MA) and chronological age-matched (CA) comparison groups revealed different levels of impairment on different tests. The performance for the ID group ranged from CA-appropriate, to below MA level. These results emphasize the importance of using a wide range of tests of executive function to better understand the extent of the difficulties in children with ID.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-57747OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-57747DiVA: diva2:327669
ECIDD, 8th European Conference on psychological theory and research on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, Geneva, Switzerland June 17-19, 2010