The choice of anti-scatter grids in diagnostic radiology: the optimization of image quality and absorbed dose
1993 (English)Report (Other academic)
A Monte Carlo model is developed to study and optimise the design of antiscatter grids in diagnostic radiology. The imaging chain including X-ray energy spectra, phantom (representing the patient), grid and image receptor is simulated. Image quality is quantified in terms of contrast (conventionai screen-film imaging) and signal-to-noise ratio, SNR (digital imaging) and the radiation detriment to the patient (risk) by the mean absorbed dose in the phantom. The advantages of using fibre instead of aluminium for grid interspaces and covers are quantified. Compared to aluminium grids, the absorbed dose is reduced by 10-50%, contrast is improved by 0-10% and SNR by 10-40% (digital radiography). The advantages are larger at low tube potentials and for grids with high ratio and low strip density. Commercial grids, with different interspace materials, strip density, strip width and grid ratio, are compared in paediatric, lumbar spine and chest examinations. The differences in dose increase and contrast improvement factors obtained with these grids are mainly due to the use of different materials in the grid interspaces, but the strip design is also important. In a global optimisation of grid design and tube potential at fixed contrast, it is found that grids of different strip density and ratio all can have good performances provided that they are used with appropriate strip width and tube potential. In the paediatric examination, low ratio grids need thinner strips than used today to be optimal. A small air gap could alternatively be used. In examinations with more scatter (adult AP), present commercial grids are optimal (r=12-16, d=30-50µm). In the lateral view (even more scatter), grids with ratios larger than 16 are optimal provided the grid can be accurately aligned in the beam. The optimization is performed with grids with fibre interspaces and covers since low atomic number materials should preferably be used for materials between the patient and the receptor. Optimal grids with aluminium for these components have lower grid ratio and higher strip densities than optimal fibre grids.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press , 1993. , 40 p.
Report / Department of Radiology, Linköping University, 1990-1997, ISSN 1102-1799 ; 72
, SSI-rapport / Statens strålskyddsinstitut - SSI ; Swedish Radiation Protection Institute, ISSN 0282-4434 ; SSI P 586:90
Radiology, Nuclear Medicine and Medical Imaging
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-57755ISRN: LIU-RAD-R--72OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-57755DiVA: diva2:327703