SiC Homoepitaxial Growth at High Rate by Chloride-based CVD
Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
SiC is an attractive material since it has remarkable properties. For several years efforts have been put primarily in electronic applications. High power and high frequency devices can be fabricated on SiC due to its wide band gap, high breakdown field and high thermal conductivity. SiC devices can be used in harsh environment since its operation temperature is significantly high (about 1200 ). SiC bulk growth has been improved by seeded physical vapour transport (PVT) during last decades. However, the quality and doping concentration of SiC bulk are not good enough to be used as an active layer for devices. SiC epilayer growth by chemical vapour deposition (CVD) was established in the last three decades. Only about 5 µm/h growth rate is achieved by CVD with a standard process. Long deposition time is required to grow ≥100µm thick epilayer for high voltage devices. The main problem in standard CVD is the formation of silicon (Si) droplets due to supersaturation of Si-species on the growth surface or in the gas-phase, which is detrimental for devices performance. To solve the problem of Si-droplets, chloride-based CVD was introduced. Chlorinated species can dissolve the silicon aggregates through the formation of strong bonds to silicon species compared to Si-Si bonds. Typical chlorinated precursors are hydrogen chloride (HCl) and methyltrichlorosilane (MTS). In this thesis study, HCl was mainly used as chlorinated precursors. Distinct chlorinated precursors result in different chemical reactions which affect the epilayer growth appreciably. The Cl/Si ratio, which is the ratio of the amount of chlorinated precursors to silicon precursors, is a very critical growth parameter for morphology, growth rate and background doping concentration. The C/Si ratio and Si/H2 ratio also affect the epilayer growth appreciably. Besides, growth temperature, growth pressure and temperature ramp up condition are other important growth parameters. In the CVD reaction chamber, the temperature profile and gas species distribution are not uniform along the whole susceptor length, which leads to different thickness of epilayer, morphology and doping concentration at different area of the reaction chamber. The polarity and off-angle of substrates can bring about complete different grown epilayers. Epitaxial defects are mainly replicated from the substrate. Therefore, the quality of substrates is very important as well. Deep energy levels can be introduced by adding transition metal such as vanadium (V), chromium (Cr) or tungsten (W). There are some limits which are needed to be overcome for a complete development of SiC. 4” SiC wafers are commercially available on the market, larger diameter would be very useful for the industrial development of SiC. High growth rate and good quality with controlled uniformity are desired for electronic applications. In this thesis, the influences of growth parameters such as C/Si and Cl/Si ratios, comparison between different precursors, growth condition in different areas of reaction chamber and effects of substrate polarity are discussed. Intentional incorporation of tungsten atoms is investigated by deep-level transient spectroscopy measurement and thermodynamic analysis.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. , 56 p.
silicon carbide, chloride-based CVD, homoepitaxial growth, tungsten incorporation
Condensed Matter Physics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-57904ISRN: LITH-IFM-A-EX--10/2356--SEOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-57904DiVA: diva2:328485
2010-06-04, Röntgen, Linköpings universitet · 581 83 LINKÖPING, IFM, 10:15 (English)
UppsokPhysics, Chemistry, Mathematics