An energy-efficient Swedish pulp and paper industry: exploring barriers to and driving forces for cost-effective energy efficiency investments
2008 (English)In: Energy Efficiency, ISSN 1570-646X (print) 1570-6478 (online), Vol. 1, no 1, 21-34 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Despite the need for increased industrial energy efficiency, studies indicate that cost-effective energy efficiency measures are not always implemented, which is explained by the existence of barriers to energy efficiency. This paper investigates whether this holds for the Swedish pulp and paper industry, and if so, investigates the barriers inhibiting and the driving forces stressing cost-effective energy efficiency investments. By so, this case study covers about 2% of the EU-25 industrial end-use of energy. The overall results from a questionnaire show that there is an energy efficiency gap in the sector and that the largest barriers were technical risks such as risk of production disruptions, cost of production disruption/hassle/inconvenience, technology inappropriate at the mill, lack of time and other priorities, lack of access to capital, and slim organization. As regards the driving forces for energy efficiency, the highest ranked driving forces were cost reductions resulting from lower energy use, people with real ambition, long-term energy strategy, the threat of rising energy prices, the electricity certificate system, the PFE. The results show that many of the barriers and driving forces were not solely market-related, e.g., lack of time or other priorities, slim organization, other priorities for capital investments, lack of staff awareness, and long decision chains indicate that firm-specific barriers plays an important role. These barriers may not be overcome by market-related public policy instruments but is rather a consequence of how the energy issue is organized within the firms. The second and the third largest driving forces, people with real ambition and a long-term energy strategy further support this.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 1, no 1, 21-34 p.
Energy efficiency, Pulp and paper industry, Barriers, Driving forces, Energy policies
Engineering and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-12513DOI: 10.1007/s12053-007-9001-7OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-12513DiVA: diva2:329
The original publication is available at www.springerlink.com:
Patrik Thollander and Mikael Ottosson, An energy efficient Swedish pulp and paper industry – exploring barriers to and driving forces for cost-effective energy efficiency investments, 2007, Energy Efficiency, (1), 1, 21-34.
Copyright: Springer-Verlag, www.springerlink.com