Behaviour of European wild boars (Sus scrofa) in connection with farrowing in an enclosure
2011 (English)In: Mammalian Biology, ISSN 1616-5047, E-ISSN 1617-819X, Vol. 76, no 3, 332-338 p.Article in journal (Other academic) Published
Wild boars (Sus scrofa) are often kept in enclosures for hunting or meat production purposes in Sweden. The sows are known to undergo behavioural changes in connection with farrowing and their natural behaviours may be compromised by the limited area of the enclosure. The aim of this study was to quantitatively describe wild boar sows’ behaviour when farrowing in an enclosure. A field study was carried out in a hunting enclosure, where 1200 hours of behavioural recordings and data from 22 farrowings were collected. According to the results, the farrowing period could be divided into 3 phases: pre-farrowing, isolation and sociality phases (in relation to farrowing: day -14 to -1, day 1 to 8, day 9 to 14 respectively). The activity decreased during isolation and increased in the sociality phase (p<0.05), whereas the average distance to other individuals increased during isolation and decreased in the sociality phase (p<0.05). Nose contacts with other individuals increased in the isolation phase (p<0.05) and habitat use changed towards more protective habitats after farrowing. 68 % of the nests were situated in edges between two habitats of different vegetation density and 73% had some kind of protection to the north. We conclude that farrowing induces a number of changes in the activity, social behaviour and habitat preference in captive European wild boars. This may need attention when enclosures for this species are designed.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier , 2011. Vol. 76, no 3, 332-338 p.
Wild boar; behaviour; farrowing; enclosure
National CategoryNatural Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-57983DOI: 10.1016/j.mambio.2011.01.010ISI: 000291118200014OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-57983DiVA: diva2:329807
Annelie Andersson, Riikka Äänismaa, Jenni Huusko and Per Jensen, Behaviour of European wild boars (Sus scrofa) in connection with farrowing in an enclosure, 2011, Mammalian Biology, (76), 3, 332-338.
Copyright: Elsevier Science B.V. Amsterdam