Jämförelse av metoder för peroxidbestämningar i bränslen: A comparison of methods for determination of peroxide content in fuel
Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
New energy resources that can replace petroleum diesel are needed and biodiesel may be an excellent substitute. During storage and use, biodiesel can oxidize and form peroxides, leading to degradation of the fuel. It is therefore important to determine the peroxide content of the fuel. In this thesis the triphenylphosphine method, which involves GC-MS analysis has been compared to the standard iodometric method which involves titration with sodium thiosulfate. Working standards were made to see how well the iodometric method worked and also in order to make a calibration curve in GC-MS. Aged samples were then analyzed. The results showed that both methods gave good linearity and repeatability with limits of detection (LOD) and quantification (LOQ) of 0,06 mM and 0 17-0,65 mM respectively. However, the iodometric method seemed more circumstantial since it needed a lot of solvents and different reagents. The triphenylphosphine method was on contrary very simple to use and did not require too much preparation work. The latter also showed better reproducibility. In conclusions, both methods can be used in evaluating the peroxide content of biodiesel, but the triphenylphosphine method has the advantages of higher simplicity and better reproducibility.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. , 45 p.
Iodometry, triphenylphosphine, GC-MS, peroxide, fuel
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-58103ISRN: LITH-IFM-G-EX--10/2225--SEOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-58103DiVA: diva2:332121
2010-06-03, 16:00 (Swedish)
UppsokPhysics, Chemistry, Mathematics