Deposition of Well-Aligned ZnO Nanorods at 50 degrees C on Metal, Semiconducting Polymer, and Copper Oxides Substrates and Their Structural and Optical Properties
2010 (English)In: Crystal Growth & Design, ISSN 1528-7483, E-ISSN 1528-7505, Vol. 10, no 7, 3250-3256 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
A two-step chemical bath deposition was utilized to synthesize ZnO nanorod arrays (ZNRAs) on metals, poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene)/poly(strenesulfonate) (PEDOT/PSS) coated flexible plastic foils, and copper oxides coated glass substrates. The whole synthesis procedure was carried out at a low temperature of 50 degrees C, without any other substrate treatments. The low growth temperature showed improved influence on both the ZNRAs structural and optical properties. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) images revealed well-aligned ZNRAs with large aspect ratios, and X-ray diffraction (X RI)) analysis indicated that single crystalline ZNRAs were achieved with high c-axial orientation tendency. Room temperature photoluminescence (PL) measurements demonstrated excellent optical properties of the as-grown ZNRAs with very low defect concentration contrary to what was believed to be achieved when lowering the growth temperature. The impact of the low deposition temperature on the ZNRAs structure is discussed in connection to the thermodynamics constraints, while the temperature effect on the defects formation and density in the as-deposited ZNRAs is elaborated and compared with recent theoretical calculations that appeared in the literature.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
The American Chemical Society , 2010. Vol. 10, no 7, 3250-3256 p.
Engineering and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-58270DOI: 10.1021/cg100390xISI: 000279422700059OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-58270DiVA: diva2:337945