Sol-gel derived titania coating with immobilized bisphosphonate enhances screw fixation in rat tibia
2010 (English)In: JOURNAL OF BIOMEDICAL MATERIALS RESEARCH PART A, ISSN 1549-3296, Vol. 94A, no 2, 389-395 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
A variety of surface modifications have been tested for the enhancement of screw fixation in bone, and locally delivered anti-osteoporosis drugs such as bisphosphonates (BP) are then of interest. In this in vivo study, the impact of surface immobilized BP was compared with systemic BP delivery and screws with no BP. After due in vitro characterization, differently treated stainless steel (SS) screws were divided into four groups with 10 rats each. Three of the groups received screws coated with sol gel derived TiO2 and calcium phosphate (SS+TiO2+CaP). One of these had no further treatment, one had alendronate (BP) adsorbed to calcium phosphate mineral, and one received systemic BP treatment. The fourth group received uncoated SS screws and no BP (control). The screw pullout force was measured after 4 weeks of implantation in rat tibiae. The immobilized amount and release rate of alendronate could be controlled by different immersion times. The SS+TiO2+CaP coating did not increase the pullout force compared to SS alone. Surface delivered alendronate enhanced the pullout force by 93% [p = 0.000; 95% Confidence Interval (CI): 67-118%] compared to SS, and by 39% (p = 0.044; 95% CI: 7-71%) compared to systemic alendronate delivery. Both surface immobilized and systemically delivered alendronate improved implant fixation. Also, locally delivered, that is, surface immobilized alendronate showed a better fixation than systemically delivered. Using sot gel derived TiO2 as a platform, it is possible to administer controllable amounts of a variety of BPs.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley and Sons, Ltd , 2010. Vol. 94A, no 2, 389-395 p.
screw; bone; bisphosphonates; sol-gel; rat
Engineering and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-58262DOI: 10.1002/jbm.a.32708ISI: 000279482600006OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-58262DiVA: diva2:337958