Stt7-dependent Phosphorylation during State Transitions in the Green Alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii
2010 (English)In: Molecular & Cellular Proteomics, ISSN 1535-9476, E-ISSN 1535-9484, Vol. 9, no 6, 1281-1295 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Photosynthetic organisms are able to adapt to changes in light conditions by balancing the light excitation energy between the light-harvesting systems of photosystem (PS) II and photosystem I to optimize the photosynthetic yield. A key component in this process, called state transitions, is the chloroplast protein kinase Stt7/STN7, which senses the redox state of the plastoquinone pool. Upon preferential excitation of photosystem II, this kinase is activated through the cytochrome b(6)f complex and required for the phosphorylation of the light-harvesting system of photosystem II, a portion of which migrates to photosystem I (state 2). Preferential excitation of photosystem I leads to the inactivation of the kinase and to dephosphorylation of light-harvesting complex (LHC) II and its return to photosystem II (state 1). Here we compared the thylakoid phosphoproteome of the wild-type strain and the stt7 mutant of Chlamydomonas under state 1 and state 2 conditions. This analysis revealed that under state 2 conditions several Stt7-dependent phosphorylations of specific Thr residues occur in Lhcbm1/Lhcbm10, Lhcbm4/Lhcbm6/Lhcbm8/Lhcbm9, Lhcbm3, Lhcbm5, and CP29 located at the interface between PSII and its light-harvesting system. Among the two phosphorylation sites detected specifically in CP29 under state 2, one is Stt7-dependent. This phosphorylation may play a crucial role in the dissociation of CP29 from PSII and/or in its association to PSI where it serves as a docking site for LHCII in state 2. Moreover, Stt7 was required for the phosphorylation of the thylakoid protein kinase Stl1 under state 2 conditions, suggesting the existence of a thylakoid protein kinase cascade. Stt7 itself is phosphorylated at Ser(533) in state 2, but analysis of mutants with a S533A/D change indicated that this phosphorylation is not required for state transitions. Moreover, we also identified phosphorylation sites that are redox (state 2)-dependent but independent of Stt7 and additional phosphorylation sites that are redox-independent.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Society for Biochemistry andamp;amp; Molecular , 2010. Vol. 9, no 6, 1281-1295 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-58259DOI: 10.1074/mcp.M000020-MCP201ISI: 000279396900019OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-58259DiVA: diva2:337964