Characterisation and utility of thiopurine methyltransferase and thiopurine metabolite measurements in autoimmune hepatitis
2010 (English)In: Journal of Hepatology, ISSN 0168-8278, E-ISSN 1600-0641, Vol. 52, no 1, 106-111 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Background and Aims: Corticosteroids alone or in conjunction with azathioprine (AZA) is the standard treatment in autoimmune hepatitis (AiH). Individual variations in thiopurine (TP) metabolism may affect both drug efficacy and toxicity. Our aim was to investigate the utility of thiopurine methyl transferase (TPMT) as well as thioguanine nucleotide (TGN) and methylthioinosine monophosphate (meTIMP) metabolite measurements with regard to clinical outcome. Methods: Two hundred thirty-eight patients with AM were included in this cross-sectional study. TPMT status was assessed in all patients, while TGN and meTIMP were measured in patients with ongoing TP medication. Clinical outcome was evaluated by liver tests and the ability to withdraw steroids. Results: TPMT genotyping (n = 229) revealed 207 (90.4%) wildtype and 22 heterozygous patients. One hundred forty-three patients had ongoing TP therapy with AZA (n = 134) or mercaptopurine (MP; n = 9): response was judged as complete response (CR) in 113 patients and partial response (PR) in 30 patients. Both TP dose (1.64 vs 1.19 mg/kg; p = 0.012) and TPMT activity (14.3 vs 13.5; p = 0.05) were higher in PR, resulting in similar TGN levels (PR: 121 pmol/8 x 10(8) red blood cells [RBC]; CR: 113 pmol/8 x 10(8) RBC; p = 0.33) but higher meTIMP levels in PR (1350 vs 400 pmol/8 x 10(8) RBC; p = 0.004). Patients able to withdraw steroids or who were using less than= 5 mg prednisolone daily were treated with lower TP doses than patients on higher steroid doses (1.15 vs 1.18 vs 1.82 mg/kg; p less than 0.001). Conclusions: TP metabolite measurements are of clinical value in AM patients who do not respond to standard TP treatment and for the identification of a shifted metabolism, which may demand an alternative treatment strategy.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam. , 2010. Vol. 52, no 1, 106-111 p.
Autoimmune hepatitis; Thiopurines; Thiopurine methyltransferase; Thiopurine metabolites; Drug monitoring
National CategoryMedical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-58479DOI: 10.1016/j.jhep.2009.10.004ISI: 000273509600015OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-58479DiVA: diva2:343051