Sexual abuse and associations with psychosocial aspects of health. A population-based study with Swedish adolescents
2010 (English)In: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry, ISSN 0803-9488, E-ISSN 1502-4725, Vol. 64, no 1, 40-48 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Background: Few population-based Nordic studies with adolescents investigate the associations between sexual abuse (SA) and psychosocial health. Aim: Associations between adolescents self-reported experiences of SA different severity and aspects of psychosocial health such as emotional and behavioral problems, sense of coherence and self-esteem were investigated. Methods: A school-based study with 1107 Swedish high school seniors was conducted. The students completed the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ), the Sense of Coherence Scale (SOC), I think I am and a self-report survey that included questions about SA, socio-demographic variables and family variables. Results: SA was related to more emotional and behavioral problems, weaker SOC and lower self- esteem when compared with non-abuse. There was also a dose-response effect insofar as more severe abuse was related to poorer psychosocial health. When adjusted for socio-demographic and family-related variables, the associations between penetrating SA and most of the health variables weakened or disappeared. SOC was associated with penetrating SA even after adjustment. Conclusions: This population-based study suggests that SA should not be regarded as an isolated factor in relation to psychosocial health as the associations at a group level may be smaller than expected. Among a number of covariates, family variables such as parental bonding showed to be especially important. Sense of Coherence may be of special interest in further research and clinical treatment.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Informa Healthcare , 2010. Vol. 64, no 1, 40-48 p.
Adolescents; Psychosocial health; Self-report; Sense of coherence; Sexual abuse
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-58459DOI: 10.3109/08039480903265769ISI: 000273780200007OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-58459DiVA: diva2:343150
Gisela Priebe, Kjell Hansson and Carl Göran Svedin, Sexual abuse and associations with psychosocial aspects of health. A population-based study with Swedish adolescents, 2010, Nordic Journal of Psychiatry, (64), 1, 40-48.
Copyright: Informa Healthcare