Polyneuropathy associated with IgM vs IgG monoclonal gammopathy: comparison between clinical and electrophysiological findings
2010 (English)In: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6314, E-ISSN 1600-0404, Vol. 122, no 1, 52-57 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Objective - The neuropathy associated with IgM monoclonal gammopathy (IgM-MG) is regarded as a sensorimotor, mainly demyelinating neuropathy. It is not fully known whether the neuropathy in IgG-MG is caused by the same mechanisms and shows the same electrophysiological characteristics. We aimed at making a comparison between clinical and neurophysiological findings in these two conditions. Patients and methods - Twenty-seven patients with IgM-associated neuropathy [18 with anti-myelin-associated glycoprotein (anti-MAG) antibodies] were compared with 15 age-matched patients with IgG-associated neuropathy. Results - Patients with IgM-associated neuropathy (especially those with anti-MAG antibodies) had significantly clinically more severe disabilities with involvement of both motor and sensory functions compared with patients with IgG-associated neuropathy in whom clinical sensory disturbances were more prominent than motor dysfunction. Motor and sensory conduction velocities were significantly lower and distal latencies significantly longer in the IgM group than in the IgG group concerning the median, ulnar and peroneal nerves. Fifty-four per cent of the patients in the IgM group did not present a sensory response of the median nerve vs 13% in the IgG group. There was also a significant difference concerning absent responses from the peroneal and sural nerves in the IgM vs IgG group (peroneal: 48% vs 13%, sural: 88% vs 27%). Conclusion - Polyneuropathy associated with IgM-MG, especially when associated with anti-MAG antibodies, appears to have more of a demyelinating involvement that meets the criteria for demyelination. This was not as clear in those associated with IgG. The IgG neuropathy showed less and milder deficit in the electrophysiological studies.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Blackwell Publishing Ltd , 2010. Vol. 122, no 1, 52-57 p.
Polyneuropathy; M-component; monoclonal gammopathy; electrophysiology
National CategoryMedical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-58389DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0404.2009.01259.xISI: 000278563800009OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-58389DiVA: diva2:343284