The association of reduced folate carrier 80G greater than A polymorphism to outcome in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia interacts with chromosome 21 copy number
2010 (English)In: Blood, ISSN 0006-4971, E-ISSN 1528-0020, Vol. 115, no 23, 4671-4677 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The reduced folate carrier (RFC) is involved in the transport of methotrexate (MTX) across the cell membrane. The RFC gene (SLC19A1) is located on chromosome 21, and we hypothesized that the RFC80 G greater than A polymorphism would affect outcome and toxicity in childhood leukemia and that this could interact with chromosome 21 copy number in the leukemic clone. A total of 500 children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia treated according to the common Nordic treatment protocols were included, and we found that the RFC AA variant was associated with a 50% better chance of staying in remission compared with GG or GA variants (P = .046). Increased copy numbers of chromosome 21 appear to improve outcome also in children with GA or GG variant. In a subset of 182 children receiving 608 high-dose MTX courses, we observed higher degree of bone marrow toxicity in patients with the RFC AA variant compared with GA/GG variants (platelet 73 vs 99/105 x 10(9)/L, P = .004, hemoglobin 5.6 vs 5.9/6.0 mmol/L, P = .004) and a higher degree of liver toxicity in patients with RFC GG variant (alanine aminotransferase 167 vs 127/124 U/L, P = .05). In conclusion, the RFC 80G greater than A polymorphism interacts with chromosome 21 copy numbers and affects both efficacy and toxicity of MTX.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Society of Hematology , 2010. Vol. 115, no 23, 4671-4677 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-58380DOI: 10.1182/blood-2010-01-256958ISI: 000278635900013OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-58380DiVA: diva2:343304
Original Publication: Jannie Gregers, Ib Jarle Christensen, Kim Dalhoff, Birgitte Lausen, Henrik Schroeder, Steen Rosthoej, Niels Carlsen, Kjeld Schmiegelow and Curt Peterson, The association of reduced folate carrier 80G>A polymorphism to outcome in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia interacts with chromosome 21 copy number, 2010, Blood, (115), 23, 4671-4677. http://dx.doi.org/10.1182/blood-2010-01-256958 Copyright: American Society of Hematology http://www.hematology.org/2010-08-132010-08-112012-05-24Bibliographically approved