Mastoid structural properties determined by imaging analysis of high resolution CT-scanning
2010 (English)In: Hearing Research, ISSN 0378-5955, E-ISSN 1878-5891, Vol. 263, no 1-2, 242-243 p.Article in journal, Meeting abstract (Refereed) Published
Hypothesis: The structure of the mastoid air cells can be described by quantitative imaging analysis of high-resolution CT-scans, which may contribute to understand its function in normal and pathological ears. Background: Negative middle ear pressure is a common factor in middle ear diseases resulting from an imbalance between mastoid gas exchange and Eustachian tube function. While the Eustachian tube function has been the main focus of research, more recent studies indicate that the mastoid may play an active role in pressure regulation. The mastoid structure with numerous air cells reflects a large area to volume ratio (AV-ratio) adapted to efficient gas exchange. Imaging analysis applied to high resolution CT-scanning can describe quantitative measures, which may reveal important information about mastoid function and its role in healthy and diseased ears. Materials and methods: Quantitative analysis was performed on a series of unselected high resolution CT-scans (voxel size: 0.29 _ 0.29 _ 0.625 mm) from 36 ears in 24 patients. Area and volume were determined using Cavalieri’s method, i.e. by summing cross-sectional areas. The AV-ratio was computed for each scan. Results: Mean area was 69 cm2 (range: 23–134cm2), mean volume was 4 cm3 (range: 1.3–10.8 cm3), and mean AV-ratio was 16 cm-1 (range: 11.2–21.0 cm-1). The area correlated linearly to the volume by A = 17.2*V-0.2. Conclusion: The area and volume values corresponded with previous studies, and the additional AV-ratio reflected the functional properties of the mastoid in terms of capability for gas exchange. Due to a series of similarities between structure and function of the lungs and mastoid, it seems likely to propose a tree-structure of dividing mastoid cells. In respiratory research, analysis describing the dimensions of series of bronchi generations has been applied, and based on current results; our aim of future research is to establish similar details of mastoid tree-structure. Funding source: Various private Danish funds.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2010. Vol. 263, no 1-2, 242-243 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-58373DOI: 10.1016/j.heares.2010.03.041ISI: 000278583700062OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-58373DiVA: diva2:343313
5th International Symposium on Middle Ear Mechanics in Research and Otology (MEMRO 2009), Stanford, USA, 24-28 June 2009