liu.seSearch for publications in DiVA
Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Development of an Orofacial Esthetic Scale in Prosthodontic Patients
Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Reconstruction Centre, Department of Oral Surgery UHL.
University of Minnesota.
Malmö University.
Malmö University.
Show others and affiliations
2010 (English)In: International Journal of Prosthodontics, ISSN 0893-2174, Vol. 23, no 3, 249-256 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose: Despite the interest and need to assess orofacial esthetics in prosthodontic patients, few self-reporting instruments are available to measure this construct, and none describe how prosthodontic patients perceive the appearance of their face, mouth, teeth, and dentures. The development of the Orofacial Esthetic Scale (DES) is reported in this article, in particular its conceptual framework, how questionnaire items were generated, and the scales measurement model. Materials and Methods: After test conceptualization, the authors solicited esthetic concerns from 17 prosthodontic patients by asking them to evaluate their own photographs. A focus group of 8 dental professionals reduced the initial number of concerns/items and decided on an item response format. Pilot testing in 9 subjects generated the final instrument, the DES. Exploratory factor analysis was performed to investigate DES dimensionality and item analysis to investigate item difficulty and discrimination in 119 subjects. Results: Prosthodontic patients generated an initial 28 esthetic concerns. These items were reduced to 8 preliminary representative items that were subsequently confirmed during pilot testing. Analysis supported 8 items assessing appearance: face, profile, mouth, tooth alignment, tooth shape, tooth color, gums, and overall impression, measured on an 11-point numeric rating scale (0 = very dissatisfied, 10 = very satisfied). Exploratory factor analysis found only 1 factor and high positive loadings for all items (.73 to .94) on the first factor, supporting the unidimensionality of the DES. Conclusions: The OES, developed especially for prosthodontic patients, is a brief questionnaire that assesses orofacial esthetic impacts.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Quintessence Publishing Co Ltd , 2010. Vol. 23, no 3, 249-256 p.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-58370ISI: 000278617200012PubMedID: 20552092OAI: diva2:343316
Available from: 2010-08-13 Created: 2010-08-11 Last updated: 2010-08-20

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

PubMedLink to journal
By organisation
Department of Oral Surgery UHL
In the same journal
International Journal of Prosthodontics
Medical and Health Sciences

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Altmetric score

Total: 21 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link