Antibodies against deamidated gliadin peptides identify adult coeliac disease patients negative for antibodies against endomysium and tissue transglutaminase
2010 (English)In: Alimentary Pharmacology and Therapeutics, ISSN 0269-2813, E-ISSN 1365-2036, Vol. 32, no 2, 254-260 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Background This study was done to evaluate the diagnostic utility of antibodies against deamidated gliadin peptides compared to traditional markers for coeliac disease. Aim To evaluate diagnostic utility of antibodies against deamidated gliadin peptide (DGP). Methods Sera from 176 adults, referred for endoscopy without previous analysis of antibodies against tissue transglutaminase (tTG) or endomysium (EmA), were retrospectively analysed by ELISAs detecting IgA/IgG antibodies against DGP or a mixture of DGP and tTG, and compared with IgA-tTG and EmA. Seventy-nine individuals were diagnosed with coeliac disease. Results Receiver operating characteristic analyses verified the manufacturers cut-off limits except for IgA/IgG-DGP/ tTG. In sera without IgA deficiency, the sensitivity was higher for IgA/IgG-DGP (0.85-0.87) compared with IgA-tTg (0.76) and EmA (0.61). All tests showed high specificity (0.95-1.00). Eighteen coeliac disease-sera were negative regarding IgA-tTG, nine of which were positive for IgA/IgG-DGP. Sera from coeliac disease-patients greater than70 years were more often negative for IgA-tTG (50%) and IgA/IgG-DGP (36%) than younger patients (15% and 8% respectively) (P less than 0.01). Three of the four IgA-deficient patients were positive in the IgA/IgG-DGP assay. Conclusions In this study of patients unselected regarding IgA-tTg/EmA, thus unbiased in this respect, IgA/IgG-DGP identified adult coeliac disease patients negative for antibodies against endomysium and tissue transglutaminase. Serology is often negative in elderly patients with coeliac disease; a small bowel biopsy should therefore be performed generously before coeliac disease is excluded.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Blackwell Publishing Ltd , 2010. Vol. 32, no 2, 254-260 p.
National CategoryMedical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-58337DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2036.2010.04337.xISI: 000279020300014OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-58337DiVA: diva2:343373