Characterization of the genetic basis in two cases of abetalipoproteinemia reveals two novel mutations
Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
BACKGROUND: Abetalipoproteinemia (ABL) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder caused by mutations in the gene coding for microsomal triglyceride transfer protein (MTTP).
AIM: To characterize the genetic basis of ABL in two unrelated patients.
RESULTS: In the first patient, the substitution c.1911C>T in exon 12 of the MTTP gene, resulting in the protein substitution p.P552L, was discovered using mutation screening. The parents are heterozygous and the proband is a homozygous carrier of this substitution. Using restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP), 100 control subjects were analyzed and none carried the substitution indicating that it is a novel MTTP mutation. Sequencing of the other ABL patient showed that the proband carried a homozygous single base insertion, at position c.2342IVS16+2-3insT, located at the donor splice-site of intron 16 resulting in skipping of exon 16 and truncation of the protein. The proband's mother is heterozygous for the insertion while the father does not carry the insertion. Multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) did not identify any deletion encompassing exon 16 in the proband, father or mother. Nonpaternity was excluded using polymorphic markers from several chromosomes. Haplotype analysis using markers spanning chromosome 4 revealed heterodisomy (two homologous chromosomes) of 4p and the distal part of 4q, and isodisomy (duplication of one chromosome) of 4q12-4q26.
CONCLUSION: These data show that the cause of ABL in one of the patients is a missense mutation, p.P552L, while the cause of ABL in the other patient is due to uniparental disomy, probably resulting from non-disjunstion in meiosis I.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. , 23 p.
Abetalipoproteinemia, DNA sequencing, multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification, microsomal triglyceride transfer protein, mutation screening, paternity testing, restriction fragment length polymorphism, polymorphic markers
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-58620ISRN: LITH-IFM-A-EX--10/2287--SEOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-58620DiVA: diva2:344338