Very low birth weight children at 9 years: School performance and behaviour in relation to risk factors
2000 (English)In: Prenatal and Neonatal Medicine, ISSN 1359-8635, Vol. 5, no 2, 124-133 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Objectives To investigate the school performance and behavior of very low-birth-weight children in comparison with controls, and relate the findings to risk factors.
Methods All children with birth weight below 1501 g (VLBW) and normal birth weight (NBW) controls, born in the south-east region of Sweden during a 15-month period in 1987-88, were enrolled in a prospective follow-up study; 81 % (n = 70) and 82% (n = 72), respectively, were re-examined at the age of 9 years regarding growth, neurological status, neurofunctional classification and academic achievement tests (Raven's matrices, mathematics, vocabulary, reading ability). The need for special education at school was assessed and four behavioral problem scores were also assessed (hyperactivity, fine motor skills, gross motor skills, social skills). Children with known handicaps were not re-examined.
Results VLBW children were shorter and lighter than controls, and differed from them with regard to neurological functional classification. As a group, they produced poorer results in all academic achievement tests except vocabulary, and also in two out of four behavioral subscales (hyperactivity and fine motor skills). When the comparison was restricted to children with normal Raven scores, almost all the differences disappeared. VLBW children had more reading difficulties but were less often than expected defined as dyslexic compared to NEW children.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2000. Vol. 5, no 2, 124-133 p.
very low birth weight; follow-up; school performance; risk factors
Other Medical Sciences not elsewhere specified
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-59500OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-59500DiVA: diva2:351942