Molecular typing and detection of the aap and atlE genes and ica operon in multi-drug resistant and susceptible coagulase negative staphylococci
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
The aims of the present study were to identify clinical isolates of multidrug resistant (MDR) and susceptible coagulase negative staphylococci (CoNS), (n=76) to the species level by rpoB amplicon sequencing and to detect and compare the presence of the atlE and aap genes and the ica operon between MDR (n=26) and susceptible (n=27) Staphylococcus epidermidis isolates. Detection of the atlE and aap genes and ica operon was carried out using PCR amplification. Most of the isolates were S. epidermidis, both among the MDR and susceptible CoNS. Staphylococcus haemolyticus was the only other species found in the MDR group. All MDR and 96% of the susceptible S. epidermidis isolates carried the atlE gene. The ica operon was present in about 30% of both the MDR and susceptible S. epidermidis isolates. By comparison, aap gene carriage was more common among susceptible S. epidermidis isolates (44%) than the MDR S. epidermidis isolates (27%). The atlE gene was the only gene that was found alone in the S. epidermidis genome. About 25% of the S. epidermidis isolates carried the atlE and aap genes and the ica operon simultaneously. In conclusion, rpoB gene amplicon sequencing is an easy and reliable method to identify CoNS isolates at the species and subspecies level. Both MDR and susceptible S. epidermidis isolates were found to be well equipped with adhesion and aggregation genes which might help them to adhere to artificial surfaces, colonize hospitalised patients and cause biofilm-related infections.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-59522OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-59522DiVA: diva2:352076