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Injury incidence and injury patterns in professional football - the UEFA injury study
Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Preventive and Social Medicine and Public Health Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Physiotherapy. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6883-1471
Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Preventive and Social Medicine and Public Health Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
2011 (English)In: British journal of sports medicine, ISSN 1473-0480, Vol. 45, no 7, 553-558 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVE: To study the injury characteristics in professional football and to follow the variation of injury incidence during a match, during a season and over consecutive seasons. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study where teams were followed for seven consecutive seasons. Team medical staff recorded individual player exposure and time-loss injuries from 2001 to 2008. SETTING: European professional men's football. PARTICIPANTS: The first team squads of 23 teams selected by UEFA as belonging to the 50 best European teams. Main outcome measurement: Injury incidence. RESULTS: 4,483 injuries occurred during 566,000 hours of exposure, giving an injury incidence of 8.0 injuries/1,000 hours. The injury incidence during matches was higher than in training (27.5 v 4.1, p<0.0001). A player sustained on average 2.0 injuries per season and a team with typically 25 players can thus expect about 50 injuries each season. The single most common injury subtype was thigh strain, representing 17% of all injuries. Re-injuries constituted 12% of all injuries and they caused longer absences than non re-injuries (24 v 18 days, p<0.0001). The incidence of match injuries showed an increasing injury tendency over time in both the first and second halves (p<0.0001). Traumatic injuries and hamstring strains were more frequent during the competitive season, while overuse injuries were common during the pre-season. Training and match injury incidences were stable over the period with no significant differences between seasons. CONCLUSIONS: The training and match injury incidences were stable over seven seasons. The risk of injury increased with time in each half of matches.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BMJ , 2011. Vol. 45, no 7, 553-558 p.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-52238DOI: 10.1136/bjsm.2009.060582ISI: 000290447800002PubMedID: 19553225OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-52238DiVA: diva2:352677
Note
Original Publication: Jan Ekstrand, Martin Hägglund and Markus Waldén, Injury incidence and injury patterns in professional football - the UEFA injury study, 2009, British journal of sports medicine, 060582. http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bjsm.2009.060582 Copyright: BMJ Publishing http://group.bmj.com/ Available from: 2010-09-22 Created: 2009-12-11 Last updated: 2013-09-04

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Ekstrand, JanHägglund, MartinWaldén, Markus

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