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School participation of pupils with physical and psychosocial limitations:  a comparison
University of Akureyri, Akureyri, Iceland.
Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
2009 (English)In: British Journal of Occupational Therapy, ISSN 0308-0226, E-ISSN 1477-6006, Vol. 72, no 4, 144-152 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Several features in the school environment affect pupils with disabilities, serving as either supports or barriers to their school participation. The purpose of this study was to investigate and look for differences in the pupil-environment fit of students with physical and psychosocial limitations, using the School Setting Interview (SSI). The SSI is a client-centred instrument, which focuses on school activities where adjustments need to be made to accommodate pupils with disabilities and to enable their participation. Descriptive statistics and Mann-Whitney U tests were employed to compare the fit of the two groups and their school environment.

 The results reveal that, in order to participate actively, both groups of pupils required adjustments to many school settings. Pupils with physical limitations frequently need adjustments, but their needs were met by the schools to a more satisfactory extent than were the needs of pupils with psychosocial limitations.

 The findings support the usability of the SSI for pupils with various types of limitations. They also stress the importance of eliciting the perspectives of the pupils themselves in order to facilitate the planning and implementation of client-centred occupational therapy interventions in school.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 72, no 4, 144-152 p.
Keyword [en]
School environment; pupils with disabilities; adjustment.
National Category
Occupational Therapy
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-59706OAI: diva2:353012
Available from: 2010-09-23 Created: 2010-09-23 Last updated: 2010-09-24

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Hemmingsson, Helena
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