The Lim homeobox gene Lhx2 is required for olfactory sensory neuron identity
2004 (English)In: Development, ISSN 0950-1991, E-ISSN 1477-9129, Vol. 131, no 21, 5319-5326 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Progenitor cells in the mouse olfactory epithelium generate over a thousand subpopulations of neurons, each expressing a unique odorant receptor (OR) gene. This event is under the control of spatial cues, since neurons in different epithelial regions are restricted to express region-specific subsets of OR genes. We show that progenitors and neurons express the LIM-homeobox gene Lhx2 and that neurons in Lhx2-null mutant embryos do not diversify into subpopullations expressing different OR genes and other region-restricted genes such as Nqo1 and Ncam2. Lhx2(-/-)embryos have, however, a normal distribution of Mashlpositive and neurogenin 1-positive neuronal progenitors that leave the cell cycle, acquire pan-neuronal traits and form axon bundles. Increased cell death in combination with increased expression of the early differentiation marker Neurod1, as well as reduced expression of late differentiation markers (Galphaolf and Omp), suggests that neuronal differentiation in the absence of Lhx2 is primarily inhibited at, or immediate prior to, onset of OR expression. Aberrant regional expression of early and late differentiation markers, taken together with unaltered region-restricted expression of the Msx1 homeobox gene in the progenitor cell layer of Lhx2-1- embryos, shows that Lhx2 function is not required for all aspects of regional specification of progenitors and neurons. Thus, these results indicate that a cell-autonomous function of Lhx2 is required for differentiation of progenitors into a heterogeneous population of individually and regionally specified mature olfactory sensory neurons.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Company of Biologists Ltd , 2004. Vol. 131, no 21, 5319-5326 p.
Lhx2; neurod1; olfactory; gene expression; odorant receptors; LIM; homeobox; neuron; differentiation; mouse
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-59674DOI: 10.1242/dev.01416ISI: 000225422200011PubMedID: 15456728OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-59674DiVA: diva2:353091