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Differential function of RNCAM isoforms in precise target selection of olfactory sensory neurons
Umeå University.
Umeå University.
2003 (English)In: Development, ISSN 0950-1991, E-ISSN 1477-9129, Vol. 130, no 5, 917-927 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Olfactory sensory neurons (OSNs) are individually specified to express one odorant receptor (OR) gene among similar to1000 different and project with precision to topographically defined convergence sites, the glomeruli, in the olfactory bulb. Although ORs partially determine the location of convergence sites, the mechanism ensuring that axons with different OR identities do not co-converge is unknown. RNCAM (OCAM, NCAM2) is assumed to regulate a broad zonal segregation of projections by virtue of being a homophilic cell adhesion molecule that is selectively expressed on axons terminating in a defined olfactory bulb region. We have identified NADPH diaphorase activity as being an independent marker for RNCAM-negative axons. Analyses of transgenic mice that ectopically express RNCAM in NADPH diaphorasepositive OSNs show that the postulated function of RNCAM in mediating zone-specific segregation of axons is unlikely. Instead, analyses of one OR-specific OSN subpopulation (P2) reveal that elevated RNCAM levels result in an increased number of P2 axons that incorrectly co-converge with axons of other OR identities. Both Gpianchored and transmembrane-bound RNCAM isoforms are localized on axons in the nerve layer, while the transmembrane-bound RNCAM is the predominant isoform on axon terminals within glomeruli. Overexpressing transmembrane-bound RNCAM results in co-convergence events close to the correct target glomeruli. By contrast, overexpression of Gpi-anchored RNCAM results in axons that can bypass the correct target before co-converging on glomeruli located at a distance. The phenotype specific for Gpi-anchored RNCAM is suppressed in mice overexpressing both isoforms, which suggests that two distinct RNCAM isoform-dependent activities influence segregation of OR-defined axon subclasses.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Company of Biologists Ltd , 2003. Vol. 130, no 5, 917-927 p.
Keyword [en]
RNCAM; OCAM; NCAM2; apCAM; fasciclin 2; neural cell adhesion molecule; splice variants; olfactory; sensory map; gene expression; odorant receptors; axon guidance; mouse; glycosylphosphatidylinositol; fasciculation
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-59673DOI: 10.1242/dev.00317ISI: 000181684800008OAI: diva2:353092
Available from: 2010-09-23 Created: 2010-09-23 Last updated: 2010-09-23

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Alenius, Mattias
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