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Round window membrane motion with air conduction and bone conduction stimulation
Chalmers University of Technology.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3350-8997
2004 (English)In: Hearing Research, ISSN 0378-5955, E-ISSN 1878-5891, Vol. 198, no 02-Jan, 10-24 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The vibration patterns of the round window (RW) membrane in human cadaver temporal bone specimens were assessed by measurements of the velocity of reflective targets placed on the RW membrane with an approximate spacing of 0.2 mm. The velocity was measured in the frequency range 0.1-10 kHz by a laser Doppler vibrometer in four specimens with air conduction (AC) stimulation and in four specimens with bone conduction (BC) stimulation. The response pattern was investigated by analyzing the velocity response of all targets on the RW membrane, by making iso-amplitude and iso-phase contour plots of the membrane surface, and by creating animations of the surface vibration at several frequencies. Similar response pattern was found with AC and BC stimulations. At frequencies below 1.5 kHz, the RW membrane vibrates nearly as a whole in an in-and-out motion and above 1.5 kHz, the membrane moves primarily in two sections that vibrate with approximately 180degrees difference. Indication of some traveling wave motion of the RW membrane at those frequencies was also found. At higher frequencies, above 3 kHz, the membrane motion is complex with a mixture of modal and traveling wave motion. An increase of the stimulation level did not alter the vibration pattern; it only gave an increase of the RW membrane vibration amplitude corresponding to the increase in stimulation. When the mode of stimulation at the oval window was altered, by the insertion of a 0.6 mm piston, the vibration pattern of the RW membrane changed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam. , 2004. Vol. 198, no 02-Jan, 10-24 p.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-59785DOI: 10.1016/j.heares.2004.07.008ISI: 225640000002OAI: diva2:353350
Available from: 2010-09-25 Created: 2010-09-24 Last updated: 2014-10-08

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Stenfelt, Stefan
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