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Physical exercise and vasomotor symptoms in postmenopausal women
Östergötlands Läns Landsting.
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Obstetrics and gynecology . Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre of Paediatrics and Gynecology and Obstetrics, Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics in Linköping.
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Obstetrics and gynecology . Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre of Paediatrics and Gynecology and Obstetrics, Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics in Linköping.
1998 (English)In: Maturitas, ISSN 0378-5122, E-ISSN 1873-4111, Vol. 29, no 2, 139-146 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: The mechanisms causing postmenopausal vasomotor symptoms are unknown, but changes in hypothalamic beta-endorphins have been suggested to be involved. beta-endorphin production may be increased by regular physical exercise. Objective: To assess if physically active women suffered from vasomotor symptoms to a lower extent than sedentary women. Material and methods: All women (n = 1323) in the ages ranging from 55-56 years in the community of Linkoping Sweden, were included. In a questionnaire these women were asked about their physical exercise habits and their complaints from vasomotor symptoms. Only those 793 women who had reached a natural menopause were grouped into sedentary, moderately or highly active women, based on a physical activity score. Results: Only 5% of highly physically active women experienced severe hot flushes as compared with 14-16% of women who had little or no weekly exercise (P less than 0.05; relative risk 0.26; CI 95%: 0.10-0.71). This was not explained by differences in body mass index, smoking habits or use of hormone replacement therapy. Women who used hormone replacement therapy were more physically active than non-users (P less than 0.05). Conclusion: Fewer physically active women had severe vasomotor symptoms compared with sedentary women. This may be due to a selection bias but also to the fact that physical exercise on a regular basis affects neurotransmitters which regulate central thermoregulation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam. , 1998. Vol. 29, no 2, 139-146 p.
Keyword [en]
Vasomotor symptoms; Physical exercise; Menopause
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-59756DOI: 10.1016/S0378-5122(98)00004-8ISI: 74174100006PubMedID: 9651903OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-59756DiVA: diva2:353397
Available from: 2010-09-27 Created: 2010-09-24 Last updated: 2017-12-12

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Spetz, Anna-ClaraHammar, Mats

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Östergötlands Läns LandstingObstetrics and gynecology Faculty of Health SciencesDepartment of Gynecology and Obstetrics in Linköping
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