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Screening-detected and symptomatic untreated celiac children show similar gut microflora-associated characteristics
Karolinska Institute.
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Pediatrics . Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre of Paediatrics and Gynecology and Obstetrics, Department of Paediatrics in Norrköping.
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Pediatrics . Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre of Paediatrics and Gynecology and Obstetrics, Department of Paediatrics in Norrköping.
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Pediatrics . Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre of Paediatrics and Gynecology and Obstetrics, Department of Paediatrics in Linköping.
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2010 (English)In: SCANDINAVIAN JOURNAL OF GASTROENTEROLOGY, ISSN 0036-5521, Vol. 45, no 9, 1059-1062 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective. The aim of this study was to investigate the metabolic function of intestinal microflora in children with screening-detected celiac disease (CD) to see if there is an aberrant gut flora in screening-detected CD similar to symptomatic CD and contrary to healthy controls. Materials and methods. As part of a Swedish multicenter screening for CD, 912 12-year-old children were screened with serum anti-human tissue transglutaminase-IgA. Small bowel biopsy specimens from children with positive serology revealed 17 individuals with CD. The functional status of the intestinal microflora was evaluated by gas liquid chromatography of short chain fatty acids (SCFAs) in fecal samples. Our previously published findings in children with symptomatic CD and healthy controls were used as comparison. Results. The children with screening-detected CD had a similar fecal SCFA profile to children with symptomatic CD, but differed significantly from that in healthy children. Conclusions. This is the first study on SCFA patterns in fecal samples from children with screening-detected CD. The similarity of the fecal SCFA profile in screening-detected and symptomatic CD indicates common pathogenic mechanisms. This could open the way for new therapeutic or prophylactic measures based on novel biological principles.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Informa Healthcare , 2010. Vol. 45, no 9, 1059-1062 p.
Keyword [en]
Celiac disease, children, screening, short chain fatty acids
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-60499DOI: 10.3109/00365521.2010.483738ISI: 000282143800008PubMedID: 20509753OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-60499DiVA: diva2:357061
Note
Original Publication: Bo Tjellstrom, Lars Stenhammar, Lotta Högberg, Karin Fälth-Magnusson, Karl-Eric Magnusson, Tore Midtvedt, Tommy Sundqvist and Elisabeth Norin, Screening-detected and symptomatic untreated celiac children show similar gut microflora-associated characteristics, 2010, SCANDINAVIAN JOURNAL OF GASTROENTEROLOGY, (45), 9, 1059-1062. http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/00365521.2010.483738 Copyright: Informa Healthcare http://informahealthcare.com/ Available from: 2010-10-15 Created: 2010-10-15 Last updated: 2010-11-15

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Stenhammar, LarsHögberg, LottaFälth-Magnusson, KarinMagnusson, Karl-EricSundqvist, Tommy

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Pediatrics Faculty of Health SciencesDepartment of Paediatrics in NorrköpingDepartment of Paediatrics in LinköpingMedical Microbiology
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