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Rarities of genotype profiles in a normal Swedish population
Linköping University, Department of Mathematics.
2010 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Investigation of stains from crime scenes are commonly used in the search for criminals. At The National Laboratory of Forensic Science, where these stains are examined, a number of questions of theoretical and practical interest regarding the databases of DNA profiles and the strength of DNA evidence against a suspect in a trial are not fully investigated. The first part of this thesis deals with how a sample of DNA profiles from a population is used in the process of estimating the strength of DNA evidence in a trial, taking population genetic factors into account. We then consider how to combine hypotheses regarding the relationship between a suspect and other possible donors of the stain from the crime scene by two applications of Bayes’ theorem. After that we assess the DNA profiles that minimize the strength of DNA evidence against a suspect, and investigate how the strength is affected by sampling error using the bootstrap method and a Bayesian method. In the last part of the thesis we examine discrepancies between different databases of DNA profiles by both descriptive and inferential statistics, including likelihood ratio tests and Bayes factor tests. Little evidence of major differences is found.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. , 69 p.
Keyword [en]
DNA profiles, Likelihood ratio, Multiple hypotheses, Minimum likelihood ratio, Database discrepancies
National Category
Probability Theory and Statistics
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-59708ISRN: LiTH-MAT-EX--2010/25--SEOAI: diva2:359171
Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics
Available from: 2010-10-27 Created: 2010-09-23 Last updated: 2010-10-27Bibliographically approved

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