In Vivo Implantation of Osteogenic Induced Human Dermal Fibroblasts in a Fracture Model
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Fracture healing is a complex event involving cells and growth factors. When healing is impaired it substantially affects quality of life and increases medical costs. To overcome difficulties with impaired bone healing several methods using biomaterials have been tested. Osteogenic biomaterials, which are scaffolds loaded with osteocompetent cells, have been proposed when the defect is large. In this study we wanted to investigate the potential of osteogenic induced human dermal fibroblasts grown on gelatin microcarriers combined with platelet rich plasma (PRP) in a femoral gap surgical model in athymic rats. The gaps were transplanted with one of the following six combinations: 1; NaCl, 2; PRP, 3; microcarriers + PRP, 4; human dermal fibroblasts on microcarriers + PRP, 5; human osteoblasts on microcarriers + PRP, 6; osteogenic induced human dermal fibroblasts on microcarriers + PRP. The gaps were analysed 4 weeks postoperatively with computer tomography, routine histological staining, fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and polyclonal antibodies directed towards osteocalcin and osteonectin. Radiographs taken 4 weeks post surgery did not reveal callus in any of the groups. Gaps transplanted with osteogenic induced human dermal fibroblasts on microcarriers (group 6) contained dense cell clusters with large amounts of extracellular matrix. These cell clusters were not found in the other groups and stained highly positive for osteocalcin and osteonectin. FISH analysis revealed viable human cells in gaps filled with cell-seeded microcarriers confirming survival of transplanted cells. In conclusion osteogenic induced human dermal fibroblasts survive in this new niche and display bonelike structures in the gaps.
Tissue engineering, Stem cells, Human dermal fibroblasts, Differentiation, Osteogenic induction, Bone formation
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-60876OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-60876DiVA: diva2:359628