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Social Networks and Theory of Mind Abilities in Children Who Use Augmentative and Alternative Communication
Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
Linköping University, The Swedish Institute for Disability Research. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Disability Research. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Background: To be included in various social situations is important to children’s social development and learning in general. The aim of the present study was to examine social networks of children who use augmentative and alternative communication (AAC). Method: The social contacts of 14 children who use AAC were analysed using the Social Network Inventory. The children’s cognitive, linguistic and Theory of Mind (ToM) ability were also assessed. Results: The social networks consisted of few children and many professionals. There was positive correlation between aspects of ToM ability and the number of peer acquaintances in the children’s social network. Conclusions: The children’s social networks were limited, which may lead to little practice in different social situations and with different social relations. A limited social network may lead to an underdeveloped ToM and the correlation between aspects of ToM and the configurations of the children’s social network support this notion.

Keyword [en]
Social Networks, Theory of Mind, Augmentative and Alternative Communication
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-61119OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-61119DiVA: diva2:360528
Available from: 2010-11-03 Created: 2010-11-03 Last updated: 2013-04-09
In thesis
1. Knowing me, knowing you: Mentalization abilities of children who use augmentative and alternative communication
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Knowing me, knowing you: Mentalization abilities of children who use augmentative and alternative communication
2010 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Alternative title[sv]
Knowing me, knowing you : Mentaliseringsförmågor hos barn som använder sig av alternativ och kompletterande kommunikation
Abstract [en]

The present thesis investigated several components important to the understanding of mentalization for children who use augmentative and alternative communication (AAC). The result of the thesis demonstrated that non-verbal mental age correlated significantly with mentalization tasks, and that the participants did not significantly differ compared to a nonverbal age-matched group of children without disabilities. Different expression of active participation, which is necessary to be able to display mentalization in dialogue, was observed in analysed interaction. The children’s social networks were limited and consisted of very few peers, thus limiting the possibilities of active participation. The number of peers in the children’s social networks correlated significantly with aspects of the children’s mentalization ability. Children who use AAC display their mentalization abilities independently in social interaction and through e-mail messages to peers. A wider construct that will have relevance to mentalization in ordinary situations is described encompassing several different abilities. The development of these abilities is dependent on the child’s capacity for adapting a cognitive flexibility when reflecting and theorizing on what is happening in a given situation. The development of mentalization is also dependent on a child’s close friendships, active participation in interaction, functional language ability, and varied social networks consisting of both peers and adults.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2010. 58 + papers 1-4 p.
Series
Linköping Studies in Arts and Science, ISSN 0282-9800 ; 520Studies from the Swedish Institute for Disability Research, ISSN 1650-1128 ; 35
Keyword
Mentalization, active participation, social networks, children who use augmentative and alternative communication, Mentaliseringsfömåga, sociala nätverk, aktivt deltagande, barn som använder sig av alternativ och kompletterande kommunikation
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-61120 (URN)978-91-7393-316-2 (ISBN)
Public defence
2010-10-15, Key 1, Hus Key, Campus Valla, Linköping University, Linköping, 13:30
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2010-11-11 Created: 2010-11-03 Last updated: 2014-10-06Bibliographically approved

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Sundqvist, Annette (Anett)Rönnberg, Jerker

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
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