Structural anisotropy of nonpolar and semipolar InN epitaxial layers
2010 (English)In: JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSICS, ISSN 0021-8979, Vol. 108, no 7, 073529- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
We present a detailed study of the structural characteristics of molecular beam epitaxy grown nonpolar InN films with a- and m-plane surface orientations on r-plane sapphire and (100) gamma-LiAlO2, respectively, and semipolar (10 (1) over bar1) InN grown on r-plane sapphire. The on-axis rocking curve (RC) widths were found to exhibit anisotropic dependence on the azimuth angle with minima at InN  for the a-plane films, and maxima at InN  for the m-plane and semipolar films. The different contributions to the RC broadening are analyzed and discussed. The finite size of the crystallites and extended defects are suggested to be the dominant factors determining the RC anisotropy in a-plane InN, while surface roughness and curvature could not play a major role. Furthermore, strategy to reduce the anisotropy and magnitude of the tilt and minimize defect densities in a-plane InN films is suggested. In contrast to the nonpolar films, the semipolar InN was found to contain two domains nucleating on zinc-blende InN(111) A and InN(111) B faces. These two wurtzite domains develop with different growth rates, which was suggested to be a consequence of their different polarity. Both, a- and m-plane InN films have basal stacking fault densities similar or even lower compared to nonpolar InN grown on free-standing GaN substrates, indicating good prospects of heteroepitaxy on foreign substrates for the growth of InN-based devices.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Institute of Physics , 2010. Vol. 108, no 7, 073529- p.
Engineering and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-61185DOI: 10.1063/1.3487923ISI: 000283222200053OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-61185DiVA: diva2:360892
Original Publication: Vanya Darakchieva, Mengyao Xie, N Franco, F Giuliani, B Nunes, E Alves, C L Hsiao, L C Chen, T Yamaguchi, Y Takagi, K Kawashima and Y Nanishi, Structural anisotropy of nonpolar and semipolar InN epitaxial layers, 2010, JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSICS, (108), 7, . http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.3487923 Copyright: American Institute of Physics http://www.aip.org/2010-11-052010-11-052013-05-01