Deficiency of Activating Fc gamma-Receptors Reduces Hepatic Clearance and Deposition of IC and Increases CIC Levels in Mercury-Induced Autoimmunity
2010 (English)In: PLOS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 5, no 10Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Background: Inorganic mercury (Hg) induces a T-cell dependent, systemic autoimmune condition (HgIA) where activating Fc gamma-receptors (Fc gamma Rs) are important for the induction. In this study we examined the influence of activating Fc gamma Rs on circulating levels and organ localization of immune complexes (IC) in HgIA. Methods and Principal Findings: Mercury treated BALB/c wt mice showed a significant but modest increase of circulating IC (CIC) from day 12 until day 18 and day 35 for IgG2a- and IgG1- CIC, respectively. Mercury-treated mice lacking the transmembrane gamma-chain of activating Fc gamma Rs (FcR gamma(-/-)) had significantly higher CIC levels of both IgG1-CIC and IgG2a-CIC than wt mice during the treatment course. The hepatic uptake of preformed CIC was significantly more efficient in wt mice compared to Fc gamma R-/- mice, but also development of extrahepatic tissue IC deposits was delayed in FcR gamma(-/-) mice. After 35 days of Hg treatment the proportion of immune deposits, as well as the amounts was significantly reduced in vessel FcR gamma(-/-) mice compared to wt mice. Conclusions: We conclude that mice lacking functional activating Fc gamma Rs respond to Hg with increased levels and altered quality of CIC compared with wt mice. Lack of functional activating Fc gamma Rs delayed the elimination of CIC, but also significantly reduced extrahepatic tissue localization of CIC.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Public Library of Science (PLoS) , 2010. Vol. 5, no 10
National CategoryMedical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-61176DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0013413ISI: 000283043700013OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-61176DiVA: diva2:361042
Klara Martinsson, Thomas Skogh, Seyed Ali Mousavi, Trond Berg, Jan-Ingvar Jönsson and Per Hultman, Deficiency of Activating Fc gamma-Receptors Reduces Hepatic Clearance and Deposition of IC and Increases CIC Levels in Mercury-Induced Autoimmunity, 2010, PLOS ONE, (5), 10.
Licensee: Public Library of Science (PLoS)